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Recommendations on the Fight Against Impunity for Grave International Crimes

From April 27 to May 2, 2015, the Congolese Ministry of Justice and Human Rights is convening “Etats Généraux,” a large conference to evaluate justice sector reform in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The conference will be held in the capital, Kinshasa…
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Introduction I. The International Criminal Court A. The ICC’s Value-Added in Syria B. The Need for Increased Support for the ICC C. The Imperative of an “ICC referral” D. The Drawbacks of an Ad Hoc Tribunal for Syria II. National Prosecutions in Syria A…
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As of February 15, 2013, 122 countries have ratified the Rome Statute. In alphabetical order, they are:   Afghanistan 10 February 2003 Albania 31 January 2003 Andorra 30 April 2001 Antigua & Barbuda 18 June 2001 Argentina 8 February…
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Since 1998, Human Rights Watch researchers extensively documented serious human rights violations committed by all warring factions in Sierra Leone, and pressed for the perpetrators of the crimes to be held accountable. Human Rights Watch maintained a…
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The conflicts in Sierra Leone and Liberia were characterized by extensive use of child soldiers. Until a few years ago it was almost unheard of for an individual commander to face penalties for using child soldiers. Today, recruiting or using children…
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The 14-year armed conflict in Liberia was characterized by serious crimes in violation of international law. Since the end of the conflict in 2003, Liberia has made tangible progress in addressing endemic corruption by creating the legislative framework…
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The devastating eleven-year armed conflict in Sierra Leone was characterized by extreme brutality and widespread human rights abuses against civilians. The majority of the crimes were perpetrated by rebels from the Armed Forces Revolutionary Council (AFRC…
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Following the end of the conflict in Sierra Leone in 2002, the domestic justice system lacked the capacity to hold perpetrators of crimes accountable. Prompted by a request from Sierra Leone President Ahmad Tejan Kabbah to the United Nations, the Special…
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The Taylor trial and judgment reflect a major departure from the impunity that heads of state have traditionally enjoyed when they are implicated in the gravest crimes. It also builds on the precedent set by the trial of former Serbian president Slobodan…
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Around the globe, Human Rights Watch has documented the recruitment and use of children as soldiers. Today, child soldiers are fighting in at least 14 countries: Afghanistan – Insurgent groups, including the Taliban and other armed groups, use…
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Submitted by Human Rights Watch To the UN Human Rights Committee on the Occasion of its Review of Yemen in March 2012

  This memorandum provides an overview of Human Rights Watch’s main concerns with respect to the human rights situation in the Republic of Yemen, submitted to the United Nations Human Rights Committee (“the Committee”) in advance of its review of Yemen…
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Bosco Ntaganda collaborated with Lubanga as chief of military operations in the Union of Congolese Patriots’ military branch. The ICC has also issued an arrest warrant against him on war crimes charges of conscripting, enlisting and using children in…
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Human Rights Watch has worked strenuously to bring to the world’s attention grave crimes committed by Lubanga’s armed group, the Congolese Patriotic Union, as well as other rebel militias during the conflict in Ituri, Democratic Republic of the Congo. (…
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Detentions, Torture, Killings, Military Trials Since Protests Began

(Washington, DC) - The Bahrain government, since March 2011, has been carrying out a punitive and vindictive campaign of violent repression against its own citizens, Human Rights Watch said in a briefing paper released today. "Bahrain's Human Rights…
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Recommendations to the Prosecutor for a More Effective Approach to “Situations under Analysis”

Introduction I. Overview of OTP preliminary examination process II. Influencing national authorities through preliminary examinations III. Shortcomings in the OTP's approach to preliminary examination IV. Recommendations Introduction In the last few…
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The rebel Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) continues to kill civilians and abduct children in remote regions of central Africa at an alarming rate with no end in sight. Nearly three years after the LRA began its most current campaign of attacking villages and…