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Denouncing All Use of Cluster Munitions

The 2008 Convention on Cluster Munitions, which categorically bans the use of cluster munitions, seeks to eliminate these weapons and the unacceptable harm they cause. By adopting an unequivocal condemnation of cluster munition use at the convention’s…
Two unexploded Israeli-made M095 submunitions
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Components of Strong Law and Supporting Examples

More than one-quarter of the states parties to the Convention on Cluster Munitions have adopted dedicated national implementation legislation, but much work remains to be done in this area. Article 9 obliges states parties to implement the convention…
An unexploded M77 DPICM submunition found in Dughayj village, northern Yemen, after a cluster munition attack in June or July 2015.
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Brunei’s Syariah Penal Code (2013) went into effect on April 3, 2019.[1] The new code poses grave threats to fundamental human rights and discriminates against the country’s most vulnerable groups, including children, women, and religious and sexual…
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A call to support a resolution at HRC 39 to ensure monitoring and reporting to the Council

Overview Since President Maduro came to power in 2013, there has been an alarming rise in the intensity of abuses and the severity of the rights crackdown in Venezuela. Political and civil society repression has stifled dissenting voices.…
A girl wears a Venezuelan flag as Venezuelan security forces block access to opposition supporters and mourners of rogue ex-policeman Oscar Perez to the main morgue of the city, in Caracas, Venezuela January 20, 2018.
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Presented at the Carnegie Center on February 23, 2016, by experts from Human Rights Watch and EU-Russia Civil Society Forum

“Civic Space in Eurasia: Ideas for Change” Russia 2017 About this paper According to the CIVICUS 2016 State of the Civil Society Report[1], over 100 countries have faced serious restrictions and threats to civic freedoms in…
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On December 12, 2016, the European Union and United States announced targeted sanctions against a total of nine senior Congolese officials who have played a key role in the repression over the past two years. The US sanctions,…
General Ilunga Kampete (right) speaks with General Bahuma Ambamba (center) near Chanzu, eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, on November 5, 2013.
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Components of Strong Law and Supporting Examples, Updated September 2016

Note: This publication was updated in November 2020 to reflect additional legislation. More than one-quarter of the states parties to the Convention on Cluster Munitions have adopted national implementation legislation, but much work remains to be done…
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Submitted to the UN Human Rights Committee on the occasion of its Second Periodic Review of Kazakhstan

  Human Rights Watch Concerns and Recommendations on Kazakhstan Submitted to the UN Human Rights Committee on the occasion of its Second Periodic Review of Kazakhstan May 2016 Human Rights Watch welcomes the…
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15 Years of Human Rights Watch Research on the Tiananmen Massacre

Reports, news releases, and campaigns published by Human Rights Watch from 1989-2004 on the June 1989 massacre at Beijing’s Tiananmen Square.   Coverage of Tiananmen Arrests and Trials, 1989-1991 June 12, 1989: New Information…
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Memorandum to Convention on Conventional Weapons (CCW) Delegates

Introduction Machines have long served as instruments of war, but historically humans have always dictated how they are used. The evolution of technology has the potential to change that reality, and the implications are profoundly disturbing.…
Loss of Human Control
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This Technical Briefing Note reviews the use of cluster munitions in the conflict in Yemen since a Saudi Arabia-led coalition of nations began military operations against Ansar Allah (Houthi forces) on March 26, 2015. This is not the first time cluster…
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Background Enforced Disappearance and Death in Custody of Religious Leader Akram Yuldashev Akram Yuldashev, 52, was the father of four children and a former mathematics teacher who became a prominent religious and spiritual leader in…
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October 2015 Introduction This memorandum, submitted to the United Nations Committee Against Torture (“the Committee”) ahead of its upcoming review of Azerbaijan, highlights areas of concern Human Rights Watch hopes will inform the…
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Overview of key human rights concerns in Central Asia October 2015 Kazakhstan Kazakhstan’s human rights record has seen an unequivocal and marked deterioration in the last five years, with the authorities launching an…
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Components of Strong Law and Supporting Examples, Updated September 2015

Article 9 of the Convention on Cluster Munitions obliges states parties to implement the convention nationally through all appropriate legal, administrative, and other measures. Legislation is the most powerful form of implementation because it is binding…
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Both the government of Ukraine and Russian-backed separatists have used cluster munitions in eastern Ukraine since mid-2014, causing numerous casualties, damaging infrastructure, and leaving a deadly legacy of unexploded submunitions…
Remnants of Uragan cluster munition rockets collected by rebel fighters after attacks on Starobesheve on February 6 and 7.