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Recommendations on the Fight Against Impunity for Grave International Crimes

From April 27 to May 2, 2015, the Congolese Ministry of Justice and Human Rights is convening “Etats Généraux,” a large conference to evaluate justice sector reform in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The conference will be held in the capital, Kinshasa…
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Introduction I. The International Criminal Court A. The ICC’s Value-Added in Syria B. The Need for Increased Support for the ICC C. The Imperative of an “ICC referral” D. The Drawbacks of an Ad Hoc Tribunal for Syria II. National Prosecutions in Syria A…
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As of February 15, 2013, 122 countries have ratified the Rome Statute. In alphabetical order, they are:   Afghanistan 10 February 2003 Albania 31 January 2003 Andorra 30 April 2001 Antigua & Barbuda 18 June 2001 Argentina 8 February…
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An Advocacy Brochure

There are an estimated one billion people, or 15 percent of the world’s population, living with a disability, according to the World Health Organization. Despite this, people with disabilities face barriers to inclusion and their needs are often given low…
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An Advocacy Brochure

Over one billion people – 15 percent of the world’s population - live with a disability significant enough to make a difference in their daily lives, and 80 percent of them live in the developing world.   It is often assumed that…
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Around the globe, Human Rights Watch has documented the recruitment and use of children as soldiers. Today, child soldiers are fighting in at least 14 countries: Afghanistan – Insurgent groups, including the Taliban and other armed groups, use…
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A Briefing Paper

What is Sterilization? In many parts of the world, women rely on access to a range of methods to control their fertility, including voluntary sterilization. However, too often, sterilization is not a choice. Sterilization is defined as “a process or act…
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Recommendations to the Prosecutor for a More Effective Approach to “Situations under Analysis”

Introduction I. Overview of OTP preliminary examination process II. Influencing national authorities through preliminary examinations III. Shortcomings in the OTP's approach to preliminary examination IV. Recommendations Introduction In the last few…
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  CONTEXT Individuals with disabilities are often assumed to be at lower risk, and thus face lower of HIV infection rates, than their non-disabled peers. They are believed to be asexual, less likely to use drugs or alcohol, and at a lower risk of…
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The rebel Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) continues to kill civilians and abduct children in remote regions of central Africa at an alarming rate with no end in sight. Nearly three years after the LRA began its most current campaign of attacking villages and…
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The Risks of Putting Justice Aside for Peace

Introduction I. Afghanistan II. Burundi III. Democratic Republic of the Congo IV. Indonesia Conclusion Introduction Since the end of the Cold War in the early 1990s, the belief that those responsible for serious human rights abuses should be…
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Human Rights and HIV in the Southern United States

  I.    Summary II.  Introduction III. Human Rights in the South           Poverty           Lack of Access to Health Care           Failure to Provide Comprehensive Sex and HIV/AIDS Education in Schools           Criminalization of HIV Exposure…
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A mixed chamber and other accountability measures

Introduction I. Establishing a mixed chamber for the Congo: why, what and how? II. The role of the African Union III. Other measures to address grave crimes committed in the DRC   Introduction On October 1, 2010, the United Nations' Office of…
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Early History (1300s - 1800s)The Belgians (1870s - 1959)Independence (1960 - 1990s)War (1994 - 1999)Failed Peace Efforts (1999 - 2003)Transition (2003 - 2006) A New Government but More Conflict (2006 - ) Early History 1300s The Kongo empire, a highly…
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On December 11, the United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) is due to consider the final report of the Group of Experts (GOE) appointed on Darfur. As its mandate required, the GOE has focused on the implementation by Sudan of some 70 detailed…
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Human Rights Watch Policy Paper

Introduction Under Article 53 of the Rome Statute, the prosecutor has important responsibility to decide "whether to initiate an investigation," and, upon investigation, to decide "that there is not a sufficient basis for a prosecution."  In making…