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Nairobi Conference Commits to Greater Efforts to Fight Impunity, Defend Rights

Last week, the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region met in Nairobi, Kenya, to discuss “combating impunity and upholding human rights as key contributors to peace and security.” Representatives from the organization’s 12…
Jean Baptiste Nguondija, a resident of Ngbada, Central African Republic, by the grave of his 10 year-old daughter Nathana Poura. Nguondija has lost 5 children since the conflict began in 2013.
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Opposition to Withdrawal by States

The African Union made headlines Tuesday for purportedly agreeing to mass withdrawal from the International Criminal Court. The reality is more complex. The decision by AU member states welcomes the announced withdrawals by South Africa,…
A general view shows the headquarters of the African Union (AU) building in Ethiopia's capital Addis Ababa, January 29, 2017.
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China plans to welcome dozens of international leaders on September 3 to commemorate the 70th anniversary of the end of World War II. Among them is expected to be President Omar al-Bashir of Sudan, who should be in The Hague facing justice, not an honored…
Jintao Bashir
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As images of Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir’s plane taking off from Pretoria in defiance of a court order beamed across the world, many South Africans wondered not only why the South African government was so eager to let an alleged war criminal escape…
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So far, Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir has avoided arrest for alleged international crimes – including genocide – committed in Darfur. But his world has certainly gotten smaller. On Monday, al-Bashir planned to visit Indonesia to attend the 60th…
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In October, 2011, the Obama administration said it would send 100 US military advisers to central Africa to help the region’s armies combat the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), a vicious Ugandan rebel group. Human Rights Watch has pressed the US government…
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Continued Inaction on Justice for Darfur Crimes

One year ago, on October 29, 2009, the African Union (AU) endorsed the important report and recommendations of the African Union High-Level Panel on Darfur (AUPD), led by former South African President Thabo Mbeki. The comprehensive 125-page report,…
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Strengthening the Security Council’s Response to Sexual Violence and Attacks on Education in Armed Conflict

For a full decade, the UN Security Council has addressed the severe abuses that children experience in armed conflict. Its response has included a series of six resolutions (1261, 1314, 1379, 1460, 1539, and 1612), the creation of a specialized working…
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On December 11, the United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) is due to consider the final report of the Group of Experts (GOE) appointed on Darfur. As its mandate required, the GOE has focused on the implementation by Sudan of some 70 detailed…
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In a landmark case, the Chilean Supreme Court announced on September 21 its decision to extradite former Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori to Peru to face trial for human rights abuses. Fujimori is charged in the killings of 25 people in two separate…
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On June 7, the Chilean Supreme Court’s chief prosecutor recommended the extradition of former Peruvian president Alberto Fujimori, who is charged in Peru with murder, torture, and forced disappearances, as well as with multiple charges of corruption and…
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In an important step toward justice for the victims of ethnic cleansing in Darfur, on February 27, International Criminal Court (ICC) Prosecutor Luis Moreno-Ocampo named Ahmed Haroun and Ali Kosheib, the first suspects accused of committing war crimes and…
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On October 31 former Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet was arrested and charged with torture, a landmark step toward justice for the thousands of victims who were tortured thirty years ago under his regime. Through reports, op-eds, press releases, and…
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More than a year after the Sudanese government and southern-based rebels signed the peace agreement that ended their 21-year war, Sudan’s ruling party has failed to undertake promised reforms that would help end human rights abuses throughout the country…
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A Human Rights Watch Briefing Paper, November 2004

In 2003, as hopes were rising that the government of Sudan would agree to an internationally-brokered settlement of the 21-year civil war in the South, the same government unleashed a brutal counterinsurgency campaign in the Darfur region of western…
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A Human Rights Watch Briefing Paper

Any lasting peace agreement in Sudan must provide meaningful guarantees for the protection of the human rights of all segments of Sudanese society including their rights to participate in post-conflict political processes.
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Backgrounder on the Danforth Report

Senator Danforth approached his mission by proposing four tests for the two main parties to the conflict in Sudan to prove their commitment to a peace process: 1) The signing of a ceasefire agreement for the conflict in the Nuba Mountains, allowing…
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