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New Research on Three Incidents from 2020 Conflict

Three unlawful attacks on medical facilities by Azerbaijani forces during the six-week armed conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh have come to light in recent Human Rights Watch research in the region. Human Rights Watch documented multiple unlawful…
View from the window of the Martakert military hospital, which was struck by Azerbaijani rocket artillery on October 14, 2020.
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After the September 11, 2001 attacks on the United States, the US government authorized the use of so-called “enhanced interrogation techniques” on terrorism suspects in US custody. For years US officials, pointing to Department of Justice memorandums…
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Pakistani

Majid Shoukat Khan is a Pakistani citizen who lived in the United States for several years. Born in 1980, he moved with his family to the Baltimore, Maryland area in 1996. His parents were granted asylum, and Khan lawfully stayed in the US, graduated from…
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More than 50 million viewers of the Kony 2012 viral video now know that Joseph Kony, founder and leader of the Lord’s Resistance Army, is a wanted man with the blood of many on his hands. Human Rights Watch has spent years investigating the horrors…
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This fact sheet describes the use of MAT-120 cluster munitions by Libyan government forces during the current armed conflict in Libya between forces under Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi and opposition rebels. This is the first documented use of this type…
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Myths and Realities

Discussions on cluster munitions have been ongoing in some form or another in the forum of the 1980 Convention on Conventional Weapons (CCW) for more than a decade. Since 2007 a Group of Government Experts (GGE) has been meeting regularly to negotiate a…
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Human Rights Watch has updated its Cluster Munition Information Chart. The chart shows which states have stockpiled, produced, used, and been affected by cluster munitions, and indicates which states have signed and ratified the 2008 Convention on Cluster…
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Human Rights Watch has updated its Cluster Munition Information Chart. The chart shows which states have stockpiled, produced, used, and been affected by cluster munitions and which states have signed and ratified the 2008 Convention on Cluster Munitions…
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Human Rights Watch has updated its informational chart providing a timeline of cluster munition use. The chart outlines known details on the dates and locations of instances in which cluster munitions were used, as well as including available data on the…
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Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor Fact Sheet

This Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor fact sheet outlines which African states have signed and ratified the treaty banning cluster munitions, as well as which states have used, produced, stockpiled, and been affected by the weapon.
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As a candidate, Barack Obama signaled his clear intention to break with the Bush administration's abusive counterterrorism policies. Once sworn in as president, Obama immediately issued executive orders that set a course toward reform. Human Rights…
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Fallacy 1: Joining the Convention on Cluster Munitions poses a threat to national security, especially if one’s enemies have not joined. Facts: The military utility of cluster munitions is limited in modern warfare. The weapons were designed for Cold War…
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Cluster Munition Coalition Fact Sheet Prepared by Human Rights Watch

In the Middle East-North Africa region, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, and Israel have produced cluster munitions. Egypt and Israel have exported cluster munitions. At least fifteen states in the region have stockpiles of the weapon. Cluster munitions have been used…
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Cluster Munition Coaltion Fact Sheet Prepared by Human Rights Watch

In the Americas and Caribbean, Brazil and the United States are producers of cluster munitions. Argentina and Chile have renounced future production. Brazil, Chile, Cuba, Peru, and the US stockpile cluster munitions. Argentina, Canada, and Honduras have…
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Cluster Munition Coalition Fact Sheet Prepared by Human Rights Watch

A total of seven countries in the Asia-Pacific region are known to produce cluster munitions. Aside from Europe, this is the largest regional concentration of producing countries. Cluster munitions have been used in Afghanistan, Cambodia, Laos, and…
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Cluster Munition Coalition Fact Sheet Prepared by Human Rights Watch

In Africa, nine countries are contaminated to some degree with cluster munition remnants. Nearly one-third of the locations where cluster munitions have been used globally are in Africa, and the majority of this use has occurred in the past 10 to 15 years…
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Cluster Munition Coalition Fact Sheet Prepared by Human Rights Watch

In Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, and Central Asia, a total of 10 states are contaminated to some degree with cluster munition remnants. At least 19 states in the area are known to stockpile cluster munitions. Russia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Moldova,…