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Well before the Covid-19 pandemic, Stephen Miller, White House adviser to then-US President Donald Trump, floated the idea of using the government’s public health authority as a means of achieving the administration’s long-pursued goal of closing the…
An asylum seeking family from Guatemala stands on the Paso del Norte international bridge. After border agents turned the family away at the port of entry, the family swam across the Rio Grande.
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Who is Dominic Ongwen? What is the Lord’s Resistance Army? How did the ICC come to bring charges against Ongwen? What are the charges against Ongwen? How does Ongwen’s experience as a child soldier affect judicial proceedings against…
Dominic Ongwen, a Ugandan commander in the Lord’s Resistance Army, waits for the judge to arrive as he made his first appearance at the International Criminal Court in The Hague, Netherlands, Monday, Jan. 26, 2015.
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On July 8, 2019, a panel of three judges of the International Criminal Court (ICC) is due to deliver its verdict in the case against Bosco Ntaganda for alleged war crimes and crimes against humanity in Ituri, northeastern Democratic Republic of…
Bosco Ntaganda sits in the courtroom of the International Criminal Court
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Questions and Answers

Updated February 8, 2018 What is Trump’s “Mexico City Policy,” also known as the “Global Gag Rule”? On January 23, 2017, United States President Donald Trump issued a Presidential Memorandum Regarding the Mexico City Policy.…
Women and girls wait with their children outside a doctor’s office in Chitwan, Nepal.
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Beginning early on March 26, 2015, a Saudi Arabia-led coalition used warplanes to attack the forces of Ansar Allah, known as the Houthis, in several locations in Yemen. The coalition members include: Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait, Morocco, Qatar, Sudan,…
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Questions and Answers

The Convention on the Rights of the Child is an international treaty adopted by the United Nations on November 20, 1989, establishing global standards to ensure the protection, survival, and development of all children, without discrimination. Countries…
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The Irreparable Harm of Placing Children on Sex Offender Registries in the US

Public registration laws cause serious harm to youth sex offenders – people under 18 who have committed any of a wide range of sex offenses, from the very serious, like rape, to the relatively innocuous, such as public nudity. The laws, which can apply…
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1.     Who is Joseph Kony and what is the Lord’s Resistance Army? 2.    What is the LRA fighting for? 3.    How big is the LRA? 4.    Does the LRA target children? 5.    How many people have been affected by the long war with the LRA? 6.    Where is Kony…
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The Case of the Prosecutor vs. Thomas Lubanga Dyilo

I.       The Lubanga case 1.      Who is Thomas Lubanga and what are the charges against him? 2.      What happened in Ituri? 3.      Isn’t Lubanga too small a fish for the ICC? 4.      Why was Lubanga only charged with recruiting and using…
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Interoperability and the Prohibition on Assistance

Introduction The Convention on Cluster Munitions seeks to end the significant humanitarian harm cluster munitions pose to civilians. It prohibits the use, production, stockpiling, and transfer of cluster munitions, as well as assistance with any of these…
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Who is Thomas Lubanga?What are the crimes alleged against him?Why is the Lubanga trial significant?How have child soldiers been used in Congo? Are children being used in the current conflict in the Kivu provinces?Has the Lubanga trial had any impact on…
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1. Who is Thomas Lubanga? Thomas Lubanga was the president of the Union of Congolese Patriots (UPC), a militia group purporting to further the interests of the Hema ethnic group in the Ituri region of northeastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC…
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  1. What's going on in South Ossetia?  2. What's the background to the latest round of fighting?  3. Is this an internal or international armed conflict? What law governs it?  4. What is a lawful target under international humanitarian law?  5. What…
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What are 122mm rockets and how do they function? A 122mm rocket is an unguided surface-to-surface artillery rocket delivered by a multiple rocket launcher (MRL). Different 122mm rockets have ranges of four to forty kilometers. The rockets vary in length…
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What is the M26 rocket and how does it function?     The M26 is a 227mm unguided artillery rocket delivered by the Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS) to a range of thirty-two to thirty-eight kilometers. Once it is over the target area, the rocket…