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What is Law No. 10 of 2018? How do property owners make a claim? What barriers would keep owners from being able to claim their property? Is Law No. 10 of 2018 discriminatory? Is this the first time the government has…
A small scale model built by 14-year-old Syrian Mohamed Qutaish, representing the way he imagines the reconstruction of Aleppo, Aleppo, Syria, August 31, 2015. © 2015 Reuters
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Recent statements by leaders and governments in the United States, Turkey, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, and Jordan indicate an interest in creating so-called safe zones in Syria. While no detailed plans for creating and managing such…
An internally displaced Syrian woman walks in the Bab Al-Salam refugee camp, near the Syrian-Turkish border, northern Aleppo province, Syria, December 26, 2016.
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Refugee Crisis and Universal Jurisdiction Cases in Europe

What’s the basis for European courts to try atrocities committed in Syria and Iraq? What is universal jurisdiction? Does universal jurisdiction mean that every country can investigate any grave international crime committed in Syria and Iraq? What…
Syrian Man Carries Children After Barrel Bomb Attack
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Questions and Answers

When the International Criminal Court’s member countries gathered in November 2015 for their annual meeting, both Kenya and South Africa raised issues about developments at the ICC over the previous year that affected their countries. Kenya…
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Questions and Answers

The European Union (EU) is facing unprecedented numbers of refugees and migrants arriving by boat. In 2014, 220,000 people arrived, almost double the combined total of 121,000 from 2011 through 2013. During just the first six…
Un buque de la Armada irlandesa Le Eithne, participa en una operación de rescate como parte del operativo Frontex Tritón, el 6 de junio de 2015
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Originally published October 9, 2013; updated November 14, 2013. Perception: The United Nations (UN) Security Council should act under article 16 of the International Criminal Court (ICC) treaty to defer the Kenya cases for 12 months. Perception: The ICC…
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1. Could the International Criminal Court (ICC) prosecute war crimes and crimes against humanity committed in Syria? 2. Should the Security Council refer the situation in Syria to the ICC? 3. What impact could an ICC referral have? 4. Would pursuing…
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The trial of Kenya’s deputy president, William Ruto, and his co-defendant, the radio broadcaster Joshua arap Sang, is scheduled to begin at the International Criminal Court (ICC) on September 10, 2013. A three-judge trial chamber sitting in The Hague will…
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On April 9, 2013, Uhuru Muigai Kenyatta was sworn in as Kenya’s president, following a Supreme Court decision rejecting challenges to the March 2013 election. Kenyatta, along with the deputy president-elect, William Samoei Ruto, both face trial (in two…
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The following Questions and Answers (Q & A) address aspects of international humanitarian law (the laws of war) governing the armed conflict between the government of Syria and the Free Syrian Army and other opposition armed groups. The purpose is to…
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On September 21, 2011, a “confirmation of charges” hearing will begin before an International Criminal Court (ICC) pre-trial chamber in The Hague. It will determine whether the second case in the Kenya situation at the ICC should be sent to trial. In this…
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On September 1, 2011, a “confirmation of charges” hearing will begin before an ICC pre-trial chamber in The Hague. It will determine whether the first case in the Kenya situation at the International Criminal Court (ICC) should be sent to trial. In this…
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Myth: Syria has stopped all military and policing operations. Reality: At least 49 people have died in operations by Syrian forces since August 17, 2011. On August 17, President Bashar al-Assad claimed in a telephone conversation with UN Secretary-…
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On April 7 and 8, 2011, six people summoned by the International Criminal Court (ICC) in connection with the court's Kenya investigation are expected to make their initial appearances before the ICC. The six-William Samoei Ruto, Henry Kiprono Kosgey,…
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On December 15, 2010, the International Criminal Court (ICC) prosecutor announced that he is seeking summonses for six people in the court's Kenya investigation. The investigation-the ICC's fifth-was opened in March 2010 after the prosecutor received…
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Questions and Answers

  What are "diplomatic assurances" against torture? Why is the use of diplomatic assurances growing? Why do governments seek these assurances? Do diplomatic assurances work? Have people who were sent back with diplomatic assurances actually been…