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The following questions and answers address issues relating to international humanitarian law (the laws of war) governing the armed conflict between Israel and Hamas, Islamic Jihad, and other Palestinian armed groups in Gaza that took place from May…
The Jala Tower as it is destroyed in an Israeli airstrike in Gaza. Israel's air force targeted the 13-floor Jala Tower housing Qatar-based Al-Jazeera television and the Associated Press news agency.

Israeli Authorities and the Crimes of Apartheid and Persecution

  1. What is the crime against humanity of apartheid? 2. What is the crime against humanity of persecution? 3. What does your report find? 4. On what evidence did you base your findings? 5. What are you asking governments to do…
An aerial shot of a housing community
Human Rights Watch is committed to reporting on the human rights dimensions of the COVID-19 pandemic. Our research has identified 40 questions to guide a rights-respecting response to this crisis that addresses the needs of groups most…
Rohingya refugees stand at the Kutupalong refugee camp, Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh, April 1, 2020.

Israel’s Use of Draconian Military Orders to Repress Palestinians in the West Bank

What does your report recommend? Why are you calling for Israel to provide Palestinians in the West Bank with rights at least equal to what it provides its own citizens? Can you give examples of where rights protections for Israelis and…

Refugee Crisis and Universal Jurisdiction Cases in Europe

What’s the basis for European courts to try atrocities committed in Syria and Iraq? What is universal jurisdiction? Does universal jurisdiction mean that every country can investigate any grave international crime committed in Syria and Iraq? What…
Syrian Man Carries Children After Barrel Bomb Attack

Questions and Answers

When the International Criminal Court’s member countries gathered in November 2015 for their annual meeting, both Kenya and South Africa raised issues about developments at the ICC over the previous year that affected their countries. Kenya…