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This document was updated on September 9 to reflect that the United Nations Humanitarian Air Service has resumed operations internationally from Kabul airport and some domestic flights are operating. The media reported that on September 9, a…
Afghans from northern provinces who fled their homes due to the fighting between the Taliban and Afghan security forces take refuge in a public parc in Kabul, August 13, 2021. 
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Issue XV: The impact of COVID19- on women and girls’ education

UN Women, UNICEF and Human Rights Watch jointly issue this fifteenth alert to continue to highlight the gender specific impact of COVID-19 in Afghanistan. This alert focuses on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on women and girls’ education and the…
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What is Law No. 10 of 2018? How do property owners make a claim? What barriers would keep owners from being able to claim their property? Is Law No. 10 of 2018 discriminatory? Is this the first time the government has…
A small scale model built by 14-year-old Syrian Mohamed Qutaish, representing the way he imagines the reconstruction of Aleppo, Aleppo, Syria, August 31, 2015. © 2015 Reuters
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Questions and Answers

  On November 20, 2017, the prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), Fatou Bensouda, requested permission from the court’s judges to authorize an investigation into possible war crimes and crimes against humanity…
Afghan family leaves site of attack in Kabul, Afghanistan, December 22, 2016. © 2016 Reuters
News
For the last twenty years in the UK, some politicians and sections of the media have led a relentless attack on human rights, grossly misrepresenting the UK Human Rights Act as a charter for criminals and a barrier to common sense.  In the face of this…
Women gather in Parliament Square for a protest in support of legal abortion in Northern Ireland, Britain, June 24, 2017.
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The Union Flag flies near the Houses of Parliament in London, Britain, June 7, 2017.
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Judges of the European Court of Human Rights sit in the courtroom during a hearing at the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg, France.
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A member of security stands guard inside the Supreme Court in London, Britain, January 23, 2017.
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Flags are seen at the EU Commission headquarters ahead of a first full round of talks on Brexit, Britain's divorce terms from the European Union, in Brussels, Belgium July 17, 2017.
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A man and a woman walk past a Polish shop in Boston, Britain June 27, 2016.
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Armed police respond outside Parliament during an incident on Westminster Bridge.
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migrants uk
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People wave at a European Union flag during an EU parade, in Warsaw May 15, 2005.
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Schools should be a sanctuary - a place where children can learn, develop and play with their classmates, and prepare for their future lives in society. Education is a right for every child in this world, no matter where they live or how poor they are.…
Nepalese children in a class provided by an international aid organization inside a primary school in Sankhu, on the outskirts of Kathmandu
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Schools are for education not war
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Once soldiers make classrooms their home, the school can become a military target
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Military use of schools and universities
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Canadian students taking part in an exercise to urge Justin Trudeau to sign the Safe Schools Declaration and help end attacks on and military use of schools.
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In some countries, there is one thing that students fear more than a maths test: the AK47
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United Nations peacekeepers from Pakistan using a school building in Mourouba, Ouaka province, as their base in violation of UN guidelines and regulations. The forces left the school in January 2017 after Human Rights Watch informed UN authorities.
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An eager student leads her class in learning the alphabet in September 2015 at a displacement camp housed at a school in Maiduguri, Borno state. © 2015 Bede Sheppard, Human Rights Watch
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An Afghan policeman stands guard at the entrance of a local school sponsored by Japan’s International Cooperation Agency in Kandahar City May 11, 2010. © 2010 Nikola Solic / Reuters
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Schools not battlegrounds
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Students line up at the end of the day at a school in Sana’a, Yemen
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Recent statements by leaders and governments in the United States, Turkey, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, and Jordan indicate an interest in creating so-called safe zones in Syria. While no detailed plans for creating and managing such…
An internally displaced Syrian woman walks in the Bab Al-Salam refugee camp, near the Syrian-Turkish border, northern Aleppo province, Syria, December 26, 2016.
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Refugee Crisis and Universal Jurisdiction Cases in Europe

What’s the basis for European courts to try atrocities committed in Syria and Iraq? What is universal jurisdiction? Does universal jurisdiction mean that every country can investigate any grave international crime committed in Syria and Iraq? What…
Syrian Man Carries Children After Barrel Bomb Attack
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Why is Human Rights Watch calling for an arms embargo on Saudi Arabia? Human Rights Watch’s call for suspending all weapons sales to Saudi Arabia comes after a year of documenting numerous unlawful airstrikes by the Saudi-led…
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What is the Trans-Pacific Partnership? What are the main human rights issues relating to the TPP? What are the primary labor rights issues? Will the TPP require countries with poor labor rights records to reform? What are the…
TPP Leaders
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Questions and Answers

The European Union (EU) is facing unprecedented numbers of refugees and migrants arriving by boat. In 2014, 220,000 people arrived, almost double the combined total of 121,000 from 2011 through 2013. During just the first six…
Un buque de la Armada irlandesa Le Eithne, participa en una operación de rescate como parte del operativo Frontex Tritón, el 6 de junio de 2015
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Interview with Phil Robertson of Human Rights Watch

Thousands of minority Rohingya Muslims remain stranded at sea without adequate food and water. On Wednesday, 20 May, Malaysia and Indonesia finally bowed to mounting international pressure, announcing that they would offer refugees temporary shelter…
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After more than 10 hours of heated debate, Malaysia's parliament passed a controversial counter-terrorism law on Tuesday, April 7, that will allow police to detain suspects without trial for up to two years, according to state media. The government…
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1. Would the UK be better off if the Human Rights Act was replaced by a new Bill of Rights? There is a case for strengthening human rights protection in the UK with additional safeguards or a wider set of rights entitlements than those already set out in…
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In several countries across Asia, torture is used on a regular basis. Bringing perpetrators to justice is notoriously hard, especially in nations where the practice is state-sanctioned, HRW's Phil Robertson tells DW. Inflicting pain by using physical…
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The Syrian government had also forcibly disappeared, arbitrarily detained, tortured, and ill-treated medics and lawyers providing assistance to the wounded and detained, and subjected them to unfair trials. Lawyers working on behalf of political detainees…
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The Syrian government has arbitrarily arrested, disappeared, tortured, and ill-treated humanitarian aid workers, and subjected them to unfair trials because of the assistance they provide. This violates Syria’s obligations under international humanitarian…
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Syria remains one of the most dangerous places in the world for professional and citizen journalists, media technicians, Internet activists, and those who defend freedom of expression. In 2012, the Committee to Protect Journalists ranked Syria as the most…
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Since the early days of the March 2011 uprising, Syrian security forces have targeted peaceful political activists involved in organizing, filming, participating in, and reporting on protests. Security forces have forcibly disappeared activists, held them…
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1. Could the International Criminal Court (ICC) prosecute war crimes and crimes against humanity committed in Syria? 2. Should the Security Council refer the situation in Syria to the ICC? 3. What impact could an ICC referral have? 4. Would pursuing…