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Summary Over the past decade, the use of incendiary weapons, including white phosphorus, in Afghanistan, Gaza, Syria, and elsewhere has generated serious concerns for dozens of states parties to the Convention on Conventional Weapons (CCW). Many of these…
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Summary Fully autonomous weapons would usher in a new era of armed conflict, similar to the advent of air warfare or the proliferation of nuclear weapons. Also known as lethal autonomous weapons systems or “killer robots,” these systems would select and…
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Summary In April 2019, the Syrian government and its ally, Russia, launched a major military offensive to retake Idlib governorate and surrounding areas in northwest Syria— one of the last areas controlled by anti-government armed groups. Over the next…
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Summary Weapons systems that select and engage targets without meaningful human control are unacceptable and need to be prevented. All countries have a duty to protect humanity from this dangerous development by banning fully autonomous weapons.…
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Summary In the eastern Colombian province of Arauca and the neighboring Venezuelan state of Apure, non-state armed groups use violence to control peoples’ daily lives. They impose their own rules, and to enforce compliance they threaten civilians on…
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Summary Through much of 2019, the United States government and Taliban insurgents were engaged in negotiations toward an agreement that could lead to the eventual withdrawal of US forces in Afghanistan. Those negotiations officially halted, at least…
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 Summary
 
 In cases not covered by this Protocol or by other international agreements, civilians and combatants remain under the protection and authority of the principles of international law derived from established custom,…
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Summary There is no safe place in Kabul—you don’t know where the next attack will be. –Mohammad A., shopkeeper who survived an insurgent attack in Kabul, November 13, 2017 Since early 2016, insurgent groups in Afghanistan have sharply escalated their…
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 In Syria, civilian casualties from airstrikes by the US-led military coalition fighting the extremist armed group Islamic State (also known as ISIS) significantly increased in March 2017. During a July mission to Tabqa and…
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Summary All available evidence strongly suggests that on April 4, 2017, a Syrian government warplane attacked Khan Sheikhoun, a town in the northwestern governorate of Idlib, with a nerve agent, killing at least 90 people, 30 of them children. The death…
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Summary Just before 7 p.m. on March 16, 2017, US aircraft attacked the Omar Ibn al-Khatab mosque near al-Jinah, a village in Aleppo province in northern Syria, where about 300 people had gathered for religious lectures and the Muslim Isha'a, or night…
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 Summary
 
 The debate about fully autonomous weapons has continued to intensify since the issue reached the international stage four years ago.[1] Lawyers, ethicists, military personnel, human rights advocates, scientists, and diplomats…
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Summary Since early 2014, when the extremist group Islamic State, also known as ISIS, launched its offensive in Iraq, fighting has displaced over three million Iraqis from their homes. Of these, an estimated 1.5 million Sunni Arabs now live in the…
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 Summary
 
 On March 26, 2015, a nine-member coalition of states led by Saudi Arabia began an air campaign in Yemen against the forces of Ansar Allah – commonly known as the Houthis. In the preceding months, the Houthis, a Zaidi Shia armed…
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 Mind the Gap
 The Lack of Accountability for Killer Robots
 Summary
 Recommendations
 I. Fully

 Autonomous Weapons and Their Risks
 Risks Posed

 by Fully Autonomous Weapons
…
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 Staying Strong
 Key Components and Positive Precedent for Convention on 

 Cluster Munitions Legislation
 Summary
 Recommendations
 I. Overview

 of the Model Laws
 II. Negative…
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 Summary
 
 Fully autonomous weapons, also called killer robots or lethal

 autonomous robots, do not yet exist, but weapons technology is moving rapidly

 toward greater autonomy. Fully autonomous…
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 Summary
 
 On the evening of August 29, 2012, five men gathered in a

 grove of date palms behind the local mosque in Khashamir, a village in

 southeast Yemen. Moments later, US remotely piloted…
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 Summary
 This report details two alleged chemical weapons attacks in

 Syria on the opposition-controlled Damascus suburbs of Eastern and Western

 Ghouta, located 16 kilometers apart, on the…
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 Summary
 
 Since late July 2012, Syrian government forces have carried

 out air strikes from fighter jets and helicopters against cities, towns, and

 neighborhoods under the control of…