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Summary At Gikondo they beat us with clubs on our heads and the backs of our feet. They said that as long as we live on the streets, they will beat us. – Former 15-year-old male Gikondo detainee, May 2019. For over a…
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  Executive Summary If someone escapes hell, how can you grab them and take them back to hell? – Bamba, a 31-year-old from Ivory Coast who reached Italy in October 2016 Soft-spoken Abdul left Darfur in 2016 when he was eighteen. He went…
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Summary They came into my cell, took my handcuffs off and covered my eyes. Then they walked me out and into the bush on a path I did not know. They put me on my knees, tied a shirt around my arms and said, “Now it is too late for you.” They took out…
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Summary The mayor said, “All thieves must be killed.” He said it was an order. −Witness to the execution of Fulgence Rukundo on December 6, 2016 Rwandan security forces summarily executed at least…
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Summary “Salwa” is a 39-year-old woman from Annaba with two children and a long history of abuse by her husband. She told Human Rights Watch that he started beating her from the early days of their marriage in 2006. She said she endured this…
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Summary The final stage of the [2011] revolution was in Sirte. We were filled with hope. Then step by step, Daesh took over. Now we feel we are cursed. -“Ali,” resident who fled ISIS in Sirte In…
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Summary Consecutive interim governments and authorities in Libya have failed to investigate, prosecute, charge and end the arbitrary detention of thousands of people held in relation to the 2011 uprising against former Libyan leader…
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Summary Everyone here in Kigali can be arrested and taken to Kwa Kabuga. When you spend a day without being arrested, you say God has been good. −Former detainee in Gikondo Transit Center, Kigali, March 2014…
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Introduction Unprecedented numbers of people are taking dangerous journeys across the Mediterranean to reach countries of the European Union. Migrants and asylum seekers have been crossing the Mediterranean for decades. The numbers have…
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War on the Media Journalists under Attack in Libya Summary Methodology I. Background: Libya’s Media Landscape II. Attack on the Media since 2011 Killings and…
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Off the Radar Human Rights in the Tindouf Refugee Camps Maps Summary Freedom of Movement Freedom of Speech, Association, and Assembly The Use of …
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Priorities for Legislative Reform A Human Rights Roadmap for a New Libya Introduction Eleven Areas for Reform Background…
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A Revolution for All Women’s Rights in the New Libya Summary I. Background II. Women’s Political Participation The Right to Participate Election …
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Summary When protests against the rule of Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi broke out in Libya in February 2011, the government’s security forces responded by…
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Delivered Into Enemy Hands US-Led Abuse and Rendition of Opponents to Gaddafi’s Libya Summary Key Recommendations Methodology I. Background…
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Summary“I just need an answer from NATO: Why did you destroy my home and kill my family?”—Faiz Fathi Jfara, Bani Walid, January 23, 2012This report documents civilian casualties in the air campaign by the North…
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Copyright: 2007 National University of Rwanda-Centre for Geographic Information System & Remote Sensing I. Summary Rwanda is about to complete one of the most ambitious transitional justice experiments in…
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I. Summary  “I need to talk about it, I need to feel that my voice is being heard, not just mine but that of all the families of the disappeared.  For my family, every celebration, every holiday becomes a funeral because…
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I. Summary On May 6, 2009, for the first time in the post-World War II era, a European state ordered its coast guard and naval vessels to interdict and forcibly return boat migrants on the high seas…