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The scars ran deep. His back was a maze of thick welts, thinner scars and parts that resembled small craters. His wrists and ankles were raw from where he’d been shackled and suspended from a ceiling for hours, and his limbs appeared…
Armed forces allied to internationally recognized government fight with armed group in Tripoli, Libya September 22, 2018. © 2018 Hani Amara/Reuters
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General Khalifa Hiftar Commander of the Libyan National Army Al-Marj, Libya Delivery by e-mail Dear General Hiftar: Human Rights Watch has been tracking violations against civilians in Benghazi since the 2011 uprising. Our researchers were…
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Rightly Charged in Federal Court, Not Guantanamo Military Commissions

(Washington, DC) – The United States government should ensure that Ahmed Abu Khatallah, apprehended for his alleged role in the September 11, 2012 attack on the US consulate in Benghazi, Libya, is brought promptly before a judge and provided access to a…
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Investigate Killings, Clamp Down on Unlawful Militias

(Tripoli) – Libyan authorities should promptly and thoroughly investigate the violent clashes in Benghazi on June 8, 2013, that left 32 people dead. The authorities should also hold those who violated the law accountable. Witnesses described to Human…
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Thousands Held Without Charge

(New York) – Libya’s new government, sworn in on November 14, 2012, should put the illegal detention of more than 8,000 people atop its agenda. About 4,000 detainees are in government custody, most without formal charges or access to a lawyer, and the…
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(Washington) – The United States government during the Bush administration tortured opponents of Muammar Gaddafi, then transferred them to mistreatment in Libya, according to accounts by former detainees and recently uncovered CIA and UK Secret Service…
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In the aftermath of the country’s historic election, Fred Abrahams writes about the daunting challenge Libya faces as it hopes to build a functional state.

The General Secretary of Libya’s General People’s Congress—the country’s equivalent of the prime minister—sat on the edge of a soft, green couch and told us how Libya wanted good relations with the West. Above him on the wall loomed a six-foot high…
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Projects Financed by State Oil Company Require Close Scrutiny

(Washington, DC) – The International Monetary Fund (IMF) should insist that Angola’s government explain how it spent more than US$41.8 billion in unaccounted oil revenues from 2007 to 2011, Human Rights Watch, Open Society Initiative of Southern Africa (…
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After 16 Years, Chance for Justice

(Tripoli) – The sixteenth anniversary of the Abu Salim prison massacre on June 28 to 29, 2012, offers victims’ families across Libya the first chance to commemorate the 1996 tragedy without fear of government repression. The government should…
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National Strategy Needed for Justice System

(Tripoli) – The individual candidates and political entities competing in Libya’s July 7, 2012 national election should explain how they plan to end the ongoing problem of torture and illegal detention, which continues to affect thousands of people. At a…
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Libya's National Transitional Council (NTC) warmly accepted the international community's military and political support for dislodging the Qaddafi government, and vowed to build a new state that would respect human rights. But it seems to be veering off…
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In response to Human Rights Watch’s April 8 letter to the leaders of the Mistrata Councils, the Misrata Local Council sent this reply on April 11 (Human Rights Watch translation; original in Arabic):   National Transitional Council,…
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Require Detailed Explanation of $32 Billion Accounting Gap

(Washington, DC) – The International Monetary Fund (IMF) should withhold a scheduled $130 million loan disbursement to the government of Angola until Angolan authorities fully and publicly justify a US$32 billion discrepancy in Angola’s public accounts,…
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Update: The IMF sent a response to Human Rights Watch on April 9, 2012. It is available as a downloadable resource on this page. Ms. Christine Lagarde Managing Director International Monetary Fund 700 19th Street, NW Washington, D.C. 20431 Re: March…
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Thousands in Unlawful Custody Should be Handed Over

(Tripoli) – A Tripoli-based militia from Misrata should immediately transfer to the Libyan government two illegally detained British journalists and the three Libyans who were traveling with them, Human Rights Watch said today. The men are among thousands…
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Clarify US$32 Billion Accounting Gap

Update: On January 17 2012, the government of Angola acknowledged the discrepancy in public accounts. In a statement issued through state media, the government emphatically denied that any funds were "missing" and said that, although its investigation…
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Saif Al-Islam Gaddafi Says Physical Conditions Good

(Tripoli) – Libyan authorities appear to be holding Saif al-Islam Gaddafi in good physical conditions but should allow him immediate access to a lawyer, Human Rights Watch said today. Human Rights Watch visited Gaddafi in Zintan, Libya on…
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