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Strong Political Declaration Needed to Reduce Civilian Harm

The Covid-19 pandemic has put the brakes on many things, including the negotiations to conclude a new political declaration on explosive weapons in populated areas. But states have continued such use, particularly with weapons with wide-area effects,…
Children in front of the Africa/Ayga hotel likely damaged by a direct fire weapon in Humera town, Tigray region, Ethiopia, on November 22, 2020.
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UN Inquiry Needed into Alleged Violations by Warring Parties

(Nairobi) – Ethiopian federal forces carried out apparently indiscriminate shelling of urban areas in the Tigray region in November 2020 in violation of the laws of war, Human Rights Watch said today. Artillery attacks at the start of the armed…
A woman stands in a metal sheet room that was damaged by shelling in Humera town, Tigray region, Ethiopia, on November 22, 2020. In that residential compound, two women and an elderly man were killed by shelling and gunfire, and two women were wounded.
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(Bratislava) - The government of Slovakia must do more to bring its arms trade under control, Human Rights Watch said in a new report today. Slovakia adopted some legal reforms in 2001 and 2002, but serious problems remain that allow arms to be…
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Angola ratified the 1997 Mine Ban Treaty on July 5, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo acceded to the treaty on May 2. The treaty now has 125 State Parties, while another 18 countries have signed but not yet ratified this landmark agreement. HRW is…
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Weapons Transferred Illegally to Rebels in Sierra Leone, Angola

(New York) - The president of Burkina Faso should order an independent inquiry into serious charges that his country has facilitated illegal arms transfers to rebel forces in Sierra Leone and Angola, Human Rights Watch said today. A March 15 United…
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The Honorable Blaise Compaore President of the Republic of Burkina Faso Dear President Compaore: I am writing on behalf of the Arms Division of Human Rights Watch, an independent human rights monitoring group, to ask you urgently to investigate…