This report was researched and written by Nada Mustafa Ali, researcher in the Womens Rights Division at Human Rights Watch. Liesl Gerntholtz, consultant, conducted some of the research and contributed to the writing of the background section.
The report was reviewed by Janet Walsh, acting director of the Womens Rights Division; Cynthia Brown, member of the Advisory Committee of the Womens Rights Division; Joseph Amon, director of the HIV/AIDS and Human Rights Program; Helen Epstein, editor at the Africa Division; Aisling Reidy, senior legal advisor; and Iain Levine, program director. Portions of the report were reviewed by Elizabeth Serlemitsos, chief advisor, National Aids Council of Zambia, Dr. Iris Mwanza, deputy director, Center for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia, and Katembu Kaumba, executive director of Young Womens Christian Association in Zambia. Human Rights Watch takes full responsibility for the views expressed in this report.
Rachel Jacobson, Emily Allen, Andrea Holley, Jose Martinez, Fitzroy Hepkins, and Grace Choi provided production assistance. Anna Gressel and Andrea L. Gittleman provided research assistance.
We wish to express our sincere thanks to all the courageous women who shared their rich experiences with us. We also wish to thank all Zambian associations, government officials, and healthcare providers, as well as representatives of multilateral and bilateral agencies in Lusaka who agreed to be interviewed for this report, and Zambia desk officers at the US State Department, USAID, and OGAC in Washington, D.C. We thank Young Womens Christian Association in Lusaka, Ndola, and Kitwe, Women and Law in Southern Africa, Southern Africa HIV/AIDS Information Dissemination Service, the Nongovernmental Organizations Coordinating Council, Council of Churches in Zambia, the Program for Urban Self-Help, International HIV/AIDS Alliance in Ndola and Kitwe, Zambia National AIDS Network, Center for Coordinated Response to Sexual and Gender-based Violence, Central Statistics Office, Family Health Trust, Women in Law and Development in Africa, the Center for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia and The Lusaka and Chongwe offices of the Health Communication Partnership in Zambia. We also wish to thank the support groups that facilitated our research.
Finally, we acknowledge valuable financial support from Arcadia, the Gruber Family Foundation, the Moriah Fund, the Oak Foundation, the Streisand Foundation, the Banky-LaRocque Foundation, the Schooner Foundation, the Jacob and Hilda Blaustein Foundation, the Frog Crossing Foundation, the Chicago Foundation for Women, and the members of the Advisory Committee of the Womens Rights Division.