During visits to Afghanistan in mid-to-late 2006, Human Rights Watch interviewed dozens of witnesses and victims of bombing and shooting attacks, as well as surviving family members, and Afghan and international military and police personnel. Human Rights Watch obtained numerical data and additional details about the incidents described in this report from various sources including published and unpublished reports by international and non-governmental organizations, such as the Afghanistan NGO Security Office (ANSO), and from international and Afghan journalists who investigated the incidents. Most of the conclusions and data set out in this report have also been corroborated by information released by ANSO, the United Nations Assistance Mission for Afghanistan (UNAMA), and media and other observers.