This report would not have been possible without the generous help of the medical experts, lawyers, legal scholars, and corrections officials who shared with us resources, knowledge, and time.
Jamie Fellner, director of the U.S. Program at Human Rights Watch, and Sarah Tofte, consultant for the U.S. Program, researched and co-wrote this report.
The report was edited by James Ross, senior legal advisor and Iain Levine, director of programs at Human Rights Watch. Dr. Annie Sparrow, researcher at Human Rights Watch, lent medical expertise to the work. Keramet Reiter, associate for the U.S. program, prepared the report for publication. Human Rights Watch staff Andrea Holley, publications director, and Fitzroy Hepkins, mailroom manager, provided production assistance.
Generous financial assistance for the report was provided by the JEHT Foundation. Support from the Open Society Institute and Peter B. Lewis also made possible our work on lethal injection executions.