This report was written by Bede Sheppard, Leonard H. Sandler Fellow in the Asia division, based on research conducted by the author and Charmain Mohamed, researcher in the Asia Division, in January 2006.

Charmain Mohamed; Sophie Richardson, deputy direct of the Asia Division; and Joseph Saunders, deputy program director of Human Rights Watch, edited the report. Aisling Reidy, senior legal advisor for Human Rights Watch, provided legal review. Nisha Varia, senior researcher in the Women’s Rights division; Zama Coursen-Neff, senior researcher of the Children’s Rights Division; and Arvind Ganesan, director of the Business and Human Rights Division also reviewed and commented on the manuscript. Jo-Anne Prud’homme, associated for the Asia Division, provided administrative and technical assistance. Fitzroy Hepkins, Andrea Holley, and Grace Choi provided production assistance to the report.

Human Rights Watch would like to thank the evicted residents and residents facing eviction who agreed to talk to us for this report.

We are indebted to the many nongovernmental organizations and individuals who generously assisted us in the course of our research and often provided comments and feed-back on our work. Among them are: Taufik Basari and his team at Lembaga Bantuan Hukum Jakarta (LBH-Jakarta); the Urban Poor Consortium (UPC); Forum Warga Kota Jakarta (FAKTA); Yayasan Lembaga Bantuan Hukum Indonesia (YLBHI); Perhimpunan Bantuan Hukum dan Hak Asasi Manusia Indonesia (PBHI); Perhimpunan Bantuan Hukum dan Hak Asasi Manusia Jakarta (PBHI Jakarta); Kontras; Centre on Housing Rights and Evictions (COHRE); Bivitri Susanti at Pusat Studi Hukum & Kebijakan Indonesia (PSHK; Centre for Indonesian Law and Policy Studies); Wahana Lingkungan Hidup Indonesia Jakarta (WALHI-Jakarta); and Michael Leaf at the University of British Columbia. A special thanks to Floribertus Pramidanarto; Sarina Kilham, intern in the Asia Division; and others who asked not to be named, for their interpreting, translation, and research assistance. A number of academics and individuals within government agencies were of great assistance but requested not to be named.