This report was edited by Brad Adams, executive director for the Asia Division of Human Rights Watch; Sophie Richardson, deputy director for the Asia Division; and Ian Gorvin, consultant in the Program Office. Dinah PoKempner, general counsel for Human Rights Watch, provided legal review.

Andrea Cottom, associate for the Asia Division, provided administrative and technical assistance. Production assistance was provided by Andrea Holley, Fitzroy Hepkins, Veronica Matushaj, Elijah Zarwan, and Jagdish Parikh.

Human Rights Watch is especially grateful to Professor Jerome Cohen and Professor D. Clarke for reviewing an earlier version of this report, as well as to the many Chinese legal professionals who volunteered their comments but preferred to remain anonymous.

Human Rights Watch also wishes to thank the C. E. and S. Foundation, as well as a very generous anonymous donor, for their support.