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Government of Sudan
- Government forces and government-supported Janjaweed
militias must immediately cease their campaign of ethnic cleansing and
attacks on civilians and civilian property in Darfur.
- Immediately disarm and disband the Janjaweed militias in
Darfur and withdraw them from those parts of Darfur they have
from 2003 to the present.
- Conduct prompt, impartial and independent investigations
of abuses by the Janjaweed militia forces and the Sudanese armed forces in
Darfur, prosecute alleged perpetrators in accordance with international
fair trial standards, and provide reparations for the victims of such
abuses, including by recovering and returning all looted property.
Government of Sudan and the opposition Sudanese Liberation Army/Movement
(SLA/M) and the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM)
- Facilitate the full, safe and unimpeded access of
humanitarian personnel and the urgent delivery of humanitarian assistance
to all populations in need in Darfur.
- Take immediate and effective measures to enable the
voluntary return of refugees and displaced persons to their homes in
safety and dignity.
- Facilitate the establishment of, and cooperate with, a
U.N. human rights monitoring mission, and an international Commission of
Experts to investigate and reach conclusions on the evidence concerning
crimes against humanity, war crimes, and other violations of international
humanitarian law committed by all parties in Darfur in 2003-2004.
members of the U. N. Security Council
- Take measures, including through the adoption of a
resolution, that seek to end and reverse ethnic cleansing in Darfur, ensure the protection of civilians at risk, create an environment conducive to the
voluntary return in safety and dignity of all refugees and displaced
persons, and provide for the effective and unrestricted delivery of
- Establish an impartial Commission of Experts to investigate
and reach conclusions on the evidence concerning crimes against humanity,
war crimes and other violations of international humanitarian law
committed by all parties in Darfur in 2003-2004.
- Establish an international human rights monitoring mission
with field offices in Darfur and Khartoum mandated to periodically
publicly report on human rights and humanitarian law violations.
- Rapidly deploy the Ceasefire Commission and ceasefire
observers to Darfur and ensure that adequate numbers of observers are
deployed before the start of the rainy season.
- Ensure that ceasefire observers periodically publicly
report on all violations of the ceasefire agreement including the parties
compliance with international humanitarian law.
- Monitor access to, and the provision of, humanitarian assistance
to war-affected civilians.
U.N. member states
- Contribute personnel, equipment, other resources and
funding to the African Union ceasefire monitoring mission.
- Contribute to the economic and social reconstruction of
Darfur and support international humanitarian assistance and human rights
monitoring and investigations in Darfur.
U.N. humanitarian agencies and humanitarian nongovernmental organizations
- Promote the protection of civilians simultaneous with the
distribution of humanitarian assistance; decentralize aid distribution
rather than concentrate it in displaced camps and settlements, to the
greatest extent possible within security limits.
- Make efforts to prevent the creation of permanent
displaced persons camps that reinforce the ethnic cleansing and forced
displacement that has occurred.
Complete recommendations appear near the end of the report.