Nigeria: “Political Shari’a”?

“Political Shari’a”?
Human Rights and Islamic Law in Northern Nigeria

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I. Summary

II. Recommendations

III. Background

IV. The extension of Shari’a to criminal law in Nigeria

V. Human rights violations under Shari’a in northern Nigeria

VI. Absence of legal representation

VII. Training of judges

VIII. The enforcement of Shari’a and the role of the hisbah

IX. Freedom of conscience and religion, and the impact of Shari’a on non-Muslims

X. The impact of Shari’a on freedom of expression

XI. The politicization of religion:  reactions to the implementation of Shari’a

XII. International reactions to Shari’a in Nigeria

XIII. Shari’a and the Nigerian constitution

XIV. The federal government’s position on Shari’a

XV. Failure to conform to international human rights standards

XVI. Conclusion

XVII. Acknowledgements

Vol. 16, No.9(A)   September 2004