Nisha Varia, Asia researcher for the Womens Rights Division, authored this report based on research she conducted in Indonesia and Malaysia in January and February 2004. Janet Walsh, deputy director of the Womens Rights Division; LaShawn R. Jefferson, executive director of the Womens Rights Division; Zama Coursen-Neff, senior researcher in the Childrens Rights division; Charmain Mohamed, Indonesia researcher in the Asia division; Tom Kellogg, Orville Schell fellow in the Asia division; Joanne Csete, director of the HIV/AIDS and human rights program; Sam Zia-Zarifi, deputy director of the Asia division; Wilder Tayler, legal and policy director of the Legal and Policy Office; and Joseph Saunders, deputy director of the Program Office, reviewed the report. Nunung Kalbas translated the report. Khairani Barokka provided research and translation assistance. Brihannala Morgan also assisted with translations. Erin Mahoney, Elizabeth Morrow, Andrea Holley, and Fitzroy Hepkins provided production assistance.
We greatly appreciate the insightful comments on this report provided by Geni Achnas, member, Womens Movement for the Protection of Migrants Rights (GPPBM); Aegile Fernandez, program coordinator, and Bathmaloshanee Muniandy, Tenaganita; and Pande Trimayuni, Task Force on Migrant Workers, Komnas Perempuan.
We are grateful to the many individuals and organizations that contributed to this research. Special thanks go to Federasi Organisasi Buruh Migran Indonesia (FOBMI), Komnas Perempuan, Solidaritas Perempuan, Tenaganita, and the Indonesian Embassy in Kuala Lumpur. We would like to acknowledge Dina Nuriyati, chair, FOBMI; Edi Setiawan, secretary, FOBMI; Dwi Miranty, Perkumpulan Panca Karsa; Novelita S. Paguira, Tenaganita; Maslina Abu Hassan, Tenaganita; and Evi Deliana Hzfor their assistance in arranging interviews and interpreting. Thanks also go to Pravina Gopalan, Womens Aid Organization, and Luzviminda S. Sauro, Tenaganita, for interpreting.
Human Rights Watch sincerely thanks all of the individuals who agreed to be interviewed for this report. Their willingness to share information and their experiences with us, sometimes at personal risk, made this report possible.
The Womens Rights Division of Human Rights Watch gratefully acknowledges the support of the Moriah Fund, the Oak Foundation, the Streisand Foundation, Lisbet Rausing Trust, the Libra Foundation and the members of the Advisory Committee of the Womens Rights Division.