This report was written by Saman Zia-Zarifi, Academic Freedom director, based on research in Basra, al-'Amara, al-Nasiriyya, and Baghdad. Research was also provided by Olivier Bercault, counsel, and Alexander Petrov, Moscow Office deputy director, in Basra. This report was edited by Hanny Megally and Hania Mufti, respectively executive director and London director of the Middle East and North Africa Division, by Widney Brown, deputy program director, Iain Levine, program director, Dinah PoKempner, general counsel, and James Ross, senior legal advisor. Elizabeth Andersen, executive director of the Europe and Central Asia Division, provided important guidance regarding post-conflict policing and justice systems in Kosovo and Bosnia. Jonathan Horowitz, program coordinator, and Patrick Minges, director of publications, provided production assistance.
Human Rights Watch would like to acknowledge the assistance and support of MDM (France) Basra, MSF (Holland) Basra, and the medical staff at al-Ta'limi, Ibn Ghazwan, and al-Tahrir hospitals. We would also like to thank the Rockefeller Brothers Fund, Stichting Vluchteling, ACT Netherlands, J.M. Kaplan Fund, Oak Foundation, the Ruth McLean Bowers Foundation, and the many individuals who contributed to Human Rights Watch's Iraq emergency fund.