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July 2003
Vol. 15, No. 3 (C)

Compounding Injustice

The Government's Failure to Redress Massacres in

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Cover photo from Human Rights Watch Report: Compounding Injustice, July 2003
Afsara, a Muslim woman in her forties, clutches a photo of family members killed in the February-March 2002 communal violence in Gujarat. Five of her close family members were murdered, including her daughter. Afsara's two remaining children survived but suffered serious burn injuries. Afsara filed a complaint with the police but believes that the police released those that she identified, along with many others. Like thousands of others in Gujarat she has little faith in getting justice and has few resources with which to rebuild her life.
2003 Smita Narula/Human Rights Watch

Supplementary Materials
India: Gujarat Massacre Cases Sabotaged
Press Release, July 1, 2003"

"We Have No Orders to Save You": State Participation and Complicity in Communal Violence in Gujarat
HRW Report, April 2002

Photo Gallery

Table of Contents


I. Summary

II. Main Recommendations to Indian Authorities

III. Background to the Violence

IV. Impunity for Attacks against Muslims

V. Police Shootings and False Charges against Victims

VI. The Godhra Investigation

VII. Attack on Akshardham

VIII. Inadequate Relief to Victims

IX. Lack of Government Compensation for Victims

X. Economic Marginalization of Muslims

XI. Communalism as a Political Strategy

XII. Recommendations to Indian Authorities and the International Community


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