There is an extensive literature on the incarceration of mothers and fathers, the impact of such incarceration on their children, and the steps that departments of correction and other state agencies could take to strengthen families with incarcerated parent(s). Some particularly useful sources are:
Leslie Acoca and James Austin, The Crisis: Women in Prison (Oakland: National Council on Crime and Delinquency, 1996). For more information, contact the National Council on Crime and Delinquency at 510-208-0500.
Nell Bernstein, Left Behind. MotherJones.com. http://www.motherjones.com/prisons/left_behind.html (accessed April 15, 2002).
Barbara Bloom and David Steinhart, Why Punish the Children? (Oakland: National Council on Crime and Delinquency, 1993). For more information, contact the National Council on Crime and Delinquency at 510-208-0500.
James Boudouris, Parents in Prison: Addressing the Needs of Families (Lanham, MD: American Correctional Association, 1996). For more information, call 1-800-ACA-JOIN.
Katherine Gabel and Denise Johnston, Eds. Children of Incarcerated Parents (New York: Lexington Books, 1995).
Creasie Finney Hairston, Nancy Wall and Shonda Wills, Children, Families, and Correctional Supervision: Current Policies and New Directions (Chicago: Jane Addams College of Social Work, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1996). For more information, call 312-413-2303.
Florida House of Representatives Justice Council, Maintaining Family Contact When a Family Member Goes to Prison, Florida Corrections Commission. http://www.fcc.state.fl.us/fcc/reports/family/famcont.html (accessed April 15, 2002)
The Legal Aid Society's Prisoners' Rights Project, Testimony of the Legal Aid Society on the Effects of Incarceration on Families, Legal Aid Society. http://www.legal-aid.org/testimony5_30.htm (accessed April 15, 2002).
Christopher Mumola, Incarcerated Parents and Their Children, Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Department of Justice (2000).
Ellen Muston, Ed. Family and Corrections Network Issue 22 (1999).
Cynthia B. Seymour and Creasie Finney Hairston, Eds. Child Welfare Journal Special Issue: Children with Parents in Prison, vol. 127, no.5 (1998). For more information, call 202-638-2952.
Barbara E. Smith and Sharon Goretsky Elstein, Children on Hold: Improving the Response to Children Whose Parents Are Arrested and Incarcerated (ABA Center on Children and the Law, 1994).
Lois E. Wright and Cynthia B. Seymour, Working with Children and Families Separated by Incarceration: A Handbook for Child Welfare Agencies (Washington, D.C.: CWLA Press, 2000).
Various articles on the drug war and its impact on families are available on: www.salon.com at http://www.salon.com/mwt/feature/2000/10/25/drug_families/index.html (accessed April 15, 2002); The Child Welfare of America website at http://www.cwla.org/programs/incarcerated/ (accessed April 15, 2002); The Osborne Association website at http://www.osborneny.org/publications.htm (accessed April 15, 2002), and The Independent Television Service website at http://www.itvs.org/whentheboughbreaks/resources.html (accessed April 15, 2002).