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This report was written by Bronwen Manby, deputy director of the Africa Division of Human Rights Watch, based primarily on research carried out in Rivers and Bayelsa States in Nigeria in March 2002. It was edited by Peter Takirambudde, executive director of the Africa Division; Arvind Ganesan, director of the business and human rights program; James Ross, senior legal adviser; and Ian Gorvin, consultant to the program office. Human Rights Watch would like to thank all those who agreed to be interviewed for the report, especially those who have been victims of human rights violations, and to the individuals and organizations that facilitated our research, especially Environmental Rights Action. Production and coordination assistance was provided in Human Rights Watch by Jeff Scott, associate in the Africa Division, Patrick Minges, publications director, and Veronica Matushaj, manager of creative services. Human Rights Watch wishes to thank Stichting Doen! and the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation for funding its work on the Niger Delta.

Human Rights Watch
Africa Division

Human Rights Watch is dedicated to protecting the human rights of people around the world.

We stand with victims and activists to bring offenders to justice, to prevent discrimination, to uphold
political freedom and to protect people from inhumane conduct in wartime.

We investigate and expose human rights violations and hold abusers accountable.

We challenge governments and those holding power to end abusive practices and respect international
human rights law.

We enlist the public and the international community to support the cause of human rights for all.

    The staff includes Kenneth Roth, executive director; Michele Alexander, development director; Reed Brody, advocacy director; Carroll Bogert, communications director; John T. Green, operations director, Barbara Guglielmo, finance director; Lotte Leicht, Brussels office director; Michael McClintock, deputy program director; Patrick Minges, publications director; Maria Pignataro Nielsen, human resources director; Malcolm Smart, program director; Wilder Tayler, legal and policy director; and Joanna Weschler, United Nations representative. Jonathan Fanton is the chair of the board. Robert L. Bernstein is the founding chair.

Its Africa division was established in 1988 to monitor and promote the observance of internationally recognized human rights in sub-Saharan Africa. Peter Takirambudde is the executive director; Bronwen Manby is the deputy director; Janet Fleischman is the Washington director; Alison Des Forges is the senior adviser; Suliman Ali Baldo is the senior researcher; Binaifer Nowrojee and Jemera Rone are counsels; Carina Tertsakian and Lars Waldorf are researchers; Juliane Kippenberg is the NGO Liaison; Jeff Scott is the associate; Corinne Dufka and Sara Rakita are consultants. Vincent Mai is the chair of the advisory committee.

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