Previous PageTable Of Contents


    This report is based primarily on research carried out in south-eastern Nigeria by Human Rights Watch and CLEEN. We would like to thank the many men and women who were willing to testify to us about their experiences, sometimes at great risk to themselves. We would also like to thank the Civil Liberties Organisation (CLO) for the support and guidance provided by their south-eastern zone office.

    This report was written by Carina Tertsakian, researcher in the Africa Division of Human Rights Watch, with contributions from Damian Ugwu, researcher at CLEEN, and Innocent Chukwuma, Executive Director of CLEEN. It was edited by Innocent Chukwuma, Executive Director of CLEEN, Bronwen Manby, Deputy Director of the Africa Division of Human Rights Watch, Wilder Tayler, Legal and Policy Director of Human Rights Watch, and Malcolm Smart, Program Director of Human Rights Watch. Special thanks to David Pratten, for background information on vigilantism in Nigeria, and Anthony Hudson, for valuable legal advice. Production and coordination assistance was provided in Human Rights Watch by Jeff Scott, Associate in the Africa Division, Patrick Minges, Publications Director, and Veronica Matushaj, Manager of Creative Services and Direct Response.

    Human Rights Watch wishes to thank the Macarthur Foundation for funding its work on Nigeria.

Human Rights Watch
Africa Division

Human Rights Watch is dedicated to protecting the human rights of people around the world.

We stand with victims and activists to bring offenders to justice, to prevent discrimination, to uphold
political freedom and to protect people from inhumane conduct in wartime.

We investigate and expose human rights violations and hold abusers accountable.

We challenge governments and those holding power to end abusive practices and respect international
human rights law.

We enlist the public and the international community to support the cause of human rights for all.

    The staff includes Kenneth Roth, executive director; Michele Alexander, development director; Reed Brody, advocacy director; Carroll Bogert, communications director; John T. Green, operations director, Barbara Guglielmo, finance director; Lotte Leicht, Brussels office director; Michael McClintock, deputy program director; Patrick Minges, publications director; Maria Pignataro Nielsen, human resources director; Malcolm Smart, program director; Wilder Tayler, legal and policy director; and Joanna Weschler, United Nations representative. Jonathan Fanton is the chair of the board. Robert L. Bernstein is the founding chair.

Its Africa division was established in 1988 to monitor and promote the observance of internationally recognized human rights in sub-Saharan Africa. Peter Takirambudde is the executive director; Bronwen Manby is the deputy director; Janet Fleischman is the Washington director; Alison Des Forges is the senior adviser; Suliman Ali Baldo and Alex Vines are senior researchers; Binaifer Nowrojee and Jemera Rone are counsels; Carina Tertsakian and Lars Waldorf are researchers; Juliane Kippenberg is the NGO Liaison; Caroline Conway, Chiwoniso Kaitano, and Jeff Scott are associates; Corinne Dufka, Sara Rakita, and Tony Tate are consultants. Vincent Mai is the chair of the advisory committee.

Web Site Address:
Listserv address: To subscribe to the list, send an e-mail message to with "subscribe hrw-news" in the body of the message (leave the subject line blank).

Centre for Law Enforcement Education

Centre for Law Enforcement Education (CLEEN) is a non-governmental organization established in October 1997 to promote respect for human rights and cooperation between civil society and law enforcement agencies in the lawful discharge of their duties in Nigeria. Our priorities are pursued through research and publications, human rights education, legislative advocacy and community empowerment programs.

Other Publications of CLEEN include:

    · Policing Elections: A pocket book for law enforcement officials on the prevention and control of electoral violence in Nigeria;
    · Journey to Civil Rule: A Report on the Presidential Primaries in Nigeria;
    · Policing A Democracy; A survey on the role and Functions of the Nigeria Police Force in a Democracy;
    · Police-Community Violence in Nigeria;
    · Constable Joe: A drama Series on Police-Community Relations in Nigeria;
    · Forward March: A drama series on Civil-Military Relations in Nigeria;
    · Juvenile Justice Administration in Nigeria: Philosophy and Practice;
    · Gender Relations and Discrimination in the Nigeria Police Force;
    · Law Enforcement Review (A quarterly magazine on Law Enforcement in Nigeria) published since January 1998.

Previous PageTable Of Contents