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Protectors or Pretenders? - Government Human Rights Commissions in Africa, HRW Report 2001









Summary

International Standards: The Paris Principles

Important Factors

Examining the Record in Africa

Innovative and Positive Contributions by Commissions

Regional Iniatives

The Role Of The International Community

Conclusion

Recommendations

Abbreviations

Acknowledgements




    Table of Contents

    Summary

    International Standards: The Paris Principles

    Important Factors
    • Mandate of Institution
    • Selection of Commissioners
    • Activities
    • Funding
    • Relationship with Nongovernmental Groups

    Examining the Record in Africa
    • 1989-1991: Togo, Benin, and Cameroon
    • 1990-1992: Morocco, Tunisia, and Algeria
    • 1993: Ghana
    • 1994: Sudan
    • 1995: South Africa and Chad
    • 1996-1997: Uganda, Senegal, Malawi, Nigeria, Zambia, Kenya
    • 1996-1997: Liberia and Sierra Leone
    • 1998: Mauritania
    • 1999: Rwanda
    • Legislated but not founded: Ethiopia, Mali, Niger and Central African Republic

    Innovative And Positive Contributions By Commissions

      South Africa: Training Human Rights Activists
      Ghana: Working with NGOs and Traditional Chiefs on Women's Rights

    Regional Initiatives

      The African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights
      Regional Conferences on National Human Rights Institutions

    The Role Of The International Community

    • The Office of the U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights
    • Donor Governments and the U.N. Development Program

    Conclusion

    Recommendations

    • To African Governments
    • To Human Rights Commissioners
    • To the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights
    • To the Office of the U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights
    • To International Donors and the U.N. Development Program


    Abbreviations

    Acknowledgments

    List of National Human Rights Commissions in Africa

      Algeria: Observatoire National des Droits de l'Homme (ONDH)
      Benin: Commission Béninoise des Droits de l'Homme (CBDH)
      Cameroon: National Commission on Human Rights and Freedoms (NCHRF)
      Central African Republic: Haut-Commissariat chargé des Droits de l'Homme et de la Promotion de la Culture Démocratique
      Chad: Commission Nationale des Droits de l'Homme
      Ethiopia: National Commission for Human Rights and Ombudsman (not yet founded)
      Ghana: Commission on Human Rights and Administrative Justice (CHRAJ)
      Kenya: Standing Committee on Human Rights
      Liberia: Human Rights Commission
      Malawi: Human Rights Commission
      Mali: Commission Nationale Consultative des Droits de l'Homme (not yet founded)
      Mauritania: Commissariat aux Droits de l'Homme, à la Lutte contre la Pauvreté et à l'Insertion
      Morocco: Conseil Consultatif des Droits de l'Homme (CCDH)Niger Commission Nationale des Droits de l'Homme et des Libertés Fondamentales (not yet founded)
      Nigeria: National Human Rights Commission
      Rwanda: Commission Nationale des Droits de l'Homme
      Senegal: Comité Senegalais des Droits de l'Homme
      Sierra Leone: National Commission for Democracy and Human Rights (NCDHR)
      South Africa: South African Human Rights Commission (SAHRC)
      Sudan: Advisory Council for Human Rights
      Togo: Commission Nationale des Droits de l'Homme (CNDH)
      Tunisia: Higher Committee on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
      Uganda: Uganda Human Rights Commission (UHRC)
      Zambia: Human Rights Commission
Human Rights Watch World Report 2001

Africa: Current Events Focus Pages

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Countries


Benin

Cameroon

Chad

Ghana

Kenya

Liberia

Malawi

Mauritania

Nigeria

Rwanda

Senegal

Sierra Leone

South Africa

Sudan

Togo

Uganda

Zambia


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