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This report was reseached and written by Virginia N. Sherry, associate director of the Middle East and North Africa division of Human Rights Watch. It is based primarily on her field research in Lebanon during a mission in March and April 1999. The report was edited by Hanny Megally, executive director of the Middle East and North Africa division of Human Rights Watch, and Michael McClintock, deputy program director of Human Rights Watch. Wilder Tayler, general counsel of Human Rights Watch, also reviewed the report. Isis Nusair, researcher on the Middle East and North Africa with the Women's Rights Division of Human Rights Watch, provided insightful comments and assistance. Noga Kadman, fieldwork and data coordinator at B'Tselem, the Israeli information center for human rights in the occupied territories, also read and provided helpful comments and research assistance on sections of the report.

Several dedicated and talented volunteers working with Human Rights Watch in New York and Beirut helped with the preparation of this report. Dania Dandashly, an intern in New York, provided invaluable research and logistical assistance prior to the mission. Erin Sawaya, another intern in New York, offered skillful research assistance throughout the post-mission period as this report was being prepared. Cilina Nasser in Beirut was responsible for follow-up interviews in Lebanon in May and June 1999, which are cited in this report. During the mission, she also served as an interpreter with skill, patience, generosity, and good humor.

Rita Ayoub, Marwan Slim, Mahmoud Dandashly, and Nadine Hallal in Beirut graciously volunteered time during the mission to assist Human Rights Watch. Jamal Shahrour and Hussam al-Khalid of the Committee for the Deported Families from the Occupied Zone; staff with the Beirut-based social work unit of Hizballah; and Ibrahim Qalash and Jamal Mahroum of the National Association for Lebanese Detainees in Israeli Prisons also provided generously of their time to arrange meetings with expelled families and individuals in Beirut and other cities. Yehia Ali of the nongovernmental Arqoub Citizens Committee, and Muhamed Safa' of the nongovernmental Follow-up Committee in Support of Lebanese Detainees in Israeli Prisons, also met with and assisted Human Rights Watch.

Last, the author wishes to acknowledge and thank the courageous Lebanese women, children, and men who shared their stories and whose testimony made this report possible. We hope that the publication of this report will help speed their return to the homes and land they were forced to leave.

Human Rights Watch
Middle East Division

Human Rights Watch is dedicated to protecting the human rights of people around the world.

We stand with victims and activists to bring offenders to justice, to prevent discrimination, to uphold political freedom and to protect people from inhumane conduct in wartime.

We investigate and expose human rights violations and hold abusers accountable.

We challenge governments and those holding power to end abusive practices and respect international human rights law.

We enlist the public and the international community to support the cause of human rights for all.

The staff includes Kenneth Roth, executive director; Michele Alexander, development director; Reed Brody, advocacy director; Carroll Bogert, communications director; Cynthia Brown, program director; Barbara Guglielmo, finance director; Jeri Laber, special advisor; Lotte Leicht, Brussels office director; Patrick Minges, publications director; Susan Osnos, associate director; Maria Pignataro Nielsen, human resources director; Jemera Rone, counsel; Wilder Tayler, general counsel; and Joanna Weschler, United Nations representative. Jonathan Fanton is the chair of the board. Robert L. Bernstein is the founding chair.

Its Middle East division was established in 1989 to monitor and promote the observance of internationally recognized human rights in the Middle East and North Africa. Hanny Megally is the executive director; Eric Goldstein is the deputy director, Joe Stork is the advocacy director; Virginia N. Sherry is associate director; Clarisa Bencomo, Elahé Sharifpour-Hicks, and Nejla Sammakia are researchers; Sara Eggerling and Beth Mirarchi are associates. Gary Sick is the chair of the advisory committee and Lisa Anderson and Bruce Rabb are vice chairs.

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