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ANC African National Congress, the most widely supported South African opposition group, founded in 1912, banned in 1960, and unbanned in February 1990.

APLA Azanian People's Liberation Army, the armed wing of the PAC.

Assegai Spear.

Casspir Armored truck.

CCB Civil Co-operation Bureau, a covert operations unit of the SADF, alleged to have engaged in illegal activities, including assassinations. The CCB was officially disbanded in August 1990.

Codesa Convention for a Democratic South Africa, a multi-lateral forum for negotiations for democracy in South Africa at which nearly all political groups are represented. Codesa negotiations commenced in December 1991 and broke down in May 1992. Renewed multi-party negotiations commenced in early 1993.

Goldstone The Commission of Inquiry Regarding the Prevention of Public Violence

Commission and Intimidation, chaired by Mr. Justice Richard Goldstone and appointed by President de Klerk in October 1991, after the agreement of all parties to the National Peace Accord. The Commission investigates incidents of serious violence in South Africa and makes recommendations to the government on steps to take to prevent further violence.

HRC Human Rights Commission, an independent human rights monitoring group based in Johannesburg.

IBIIR Independent Board of Inquiry into Informal Repression, an independent monitoring group based in Johannesburg.

Inkatha Inkatha Freedom Party, established in 1975 as a Zulu cultural organization, and re-launched in July 1990 as a nonracial political party; its membership is predominantly Zulu.

Knobkerries Wooden stick-like implements.

KZP KwaZulu Police, the police force in the homeland of KwaZulu.

MI Military Intelligence, the intelligence wing of the SADF.

MK Umkhonto we Sizwe, the armed wing of the ANC.

National An agreement entered into by nineteen parties to the political process

Peace Accord (excluding, most importantly, the Transkei government, the PAC and the right wing Conservative Party) in September 1991, by which they committed themselves to certain measures to reduce political violence in South Africa.

PAC Pan Africanist Congress, a black anti-apartheid political group that broke away from the ANC in 1959. The PAC did not take part in Codesa, although it has undertaken bilateral negotiations with the government. Unlike the ANC, the PAC has not suspended the armed struggle against apartheid.

Panga Machete used to cut sugar cane.

SADF South African Defense Forces, the South African army.

SAP South African Police, the main police force in South Africa.

UDF United Democratic Front, a coalition of community, labor, religious, youth and other organizations opposed to apartheid, formed in 1983 and disbanded in 1990 following unbanning of the ANC.

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May 1993