Country Positions on Banning Fully Autonomous Weapons and Retaining Human Control
The 55-page report, “Stopping Killer Robots: Country Positions on Banning Fully Autonomous Weapons and Retaining Human Control,” reviews the policies of the 97 countries that have publicly elaborated their views on killer robots since 2013. The vast majority regard human control and decision-making as critical to the acceptability and legality of weapons systems. Most of these countries have expressed their desire for a new treaty to retain human control over the use of force, including 30 that explicitly seek to ban fully autonomous weapons.
Discrimination and Barriers Facing Women and Girls with Disabilities in Afghanistan
The 31-page report, “‘Disability Is Not Weakness’: Discrimination and Barriers Facing Women and Girls with Disabilities in Afghanistan,” details the everyday barriers that Afghan women and girls with disabilities face in one of the world’s poorest countries.
How Aged Care Facilities in Australia Chemically Restrain Older People with Dementia
This report found that instead of providing support to older people with dementia, facilities use drugs to control their behavior, a practice known as chemical restraint. Many of the drugs used to control people in aged care facilities are antipsychotics that are not approved in Australia for older people with dementia.
Lack of Access to Inclusive Quality Education for Children with Disabilities in Iran
This report documents discrimination and barriers to education in the country’s public school system for most children with disabilities. A major obstacle is a mandatory government medical test that can exclude them from education altogether, the groups found.
Education for Children with Disabilities in Kazakhstan
This report shows that Kazakhstan’s education system segregates and isolates children with disabilities. Even for children who can access schools in their communities, most are taught in separate classrooms with other children with disabilities.
Barriers for Children with Disabilities in the European School System
This report found that while European Schools are paying increasing attention to inclusion, children with disabilities continued to face problems.
The Plight of Rohingya Refugees from Myanmar
This report is based on a May 2018 visit to Cox’s Bazar. Human Rights Watch found that the mega camp is severely overcrowded. The average usable space is 10.7 square meters per person, compared with the recommended international standard of 45 square meters per person.
Discrimination and Lack of Accessibility for People with Disabilities in Iran
This report documents the everyday barriers people with disabilities meet when going to government offices, healthcare centers, and when using public transportation. People with disabilities also regularly face stigma and discrimination from government social workers, healthcare workers, and others.
A Lifetime of Isolation and Neglect in Institutions for People with Disabilities in Brazil
This report found that many people with disabilities enter institutions as children and remain there for their entire lives.
Access to Justice for Women and Girls with Disabilities in India
This report details the challenges many women and girls with disabilities face throughout the justice process: reporting abuse to the police, obtaining appropriate medical care, having complaints investigated, navigating the court system, and getting adequate compensation.
Barriers to Education for Children with Disabilities in Lebanon
This report finds that although Lebanese law bars schools from discriminating against children with disabilities, public and private schools exclude many children with disabilities.
Abuse and Neglect of Prisoners with Disabilities in Australia
This report examines how prisoners with disabilities, including Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander prisoners, are at serious risk of bullying, harassment, violence, and abuse from fellow prisoners and staff.
Medically Unnecessary Surgeries on Intersex Children in the US
This report examines the physical and psychological damage caused by medically unnecessary surgery on intersex people, who are born with chromosomes, gonads, sex organs, or genitalia that differ from those seen as socially typical for boys and girls.
The Impact of the Zika Outbreak on Women and Girls in Northeastern Brazil
This report documents gaps in the Brazilian authorities’ response that have a harmful impact on women and girls and leave the general population vulnerable to continued outbreaks of serious mosquito-borne illnesses.
Abuses and Discrimination against Children in Institutions and Lack of Access to Quality Inclusive Education in Armenia
This report documents how thousands of children in Armenia live in orphanages, residential special schools for children with disabilities, and other institutions. They often live there for years, separated from their families.
Severe Medical and Food Shortages, Inadequate and Repressive Government Response
This report documents how the shortages have made it extremely difficult for many Venezuelans to obtain essential medical care or meet their families’ basic needs. The Venezuelan government has downplayed the severity of the crisis.