Reports

Country Positions on Banning Fully Autonomous Weapons and Retaining Human Control

The 55-page report, “Stopping Killer Robots: Country Positions on Banning Fully Autonomous Weapons and Retaining Human Control,” reviews the policies of the 97 countries that have publicly elaborated their views on killer robots since 2013. The vast majority regard human control and decision-making as critical to the acceptability and legality of weapons systems. Most of these countries have expressed their desire for a new treaty to retain human control over the use of force, including 30 that explicitly seek to ban fully autonomous weapons.

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  • Possession of Extremist Material in Kyrgyzstan

    This report finds that in some cases, suspects are charged for possessing material that the authorities classified as extremist only after their arrests. Several suspects told Human Rights Watch that police and security agents had planted the material during searches, then demanded payoffs to end investigations.

  • China’s Campaign of Repression Against Xinjiang’s Muslims

    This report presents new evidence of the Chinese government’s mass arbitrary detention, torture, and mistreatment, and the increasingly pervasive controls on daily life.

  • Obstacles to Justice and Remedy for Sexual Assault Survivors in Mauritania

    This report found that when survivors do come forward, police and judicial investigators do not respect their rights and dignity.

  • The Need for a Regional Response to an Unprecedented Migration Crisis

    This report documents efforts by South American governments to address the massive numbers of Venezuelans crossing their borders, as well as recent setbacks that threaten Venezuelans’ ability to seek protection. In some Caribbean islands, Venezuelans are subject to arbitrary arrests and deportations.

  • Failure to Credibly Investigate and Provide Redress for Unlawful Attacks in Yemen

    This report analyzes the work of the coalition’s investigative body, the Joint Incidents Assessment Team (JIAT), over the past two years. Human Rights Watch found that JIAT’s work has fallen far short of international standards regarding transparency, impartiality, and independence.

  • A Moral and Legal Imperative to Ban Killer Robots

    This report finds that fully autonomous weapons would violate what is known as the Martens Clause.

  • Crushing Dissent in the Maldives

    This report documents how the government of President Abdulla Yameen Abdul Gayoom has used decrees and broad, vaguely worded laws to silence dissent and intimidate, arbitrarily arrest, and imprison critics.

  • The Human Toll of Georgia’s Abusive Drug Policies

    This report describes the impact of overly punitive drug laws and practices on people who use drugs, and on their families.

  • The Plight of Rohingya Refugees from Myanmar

    This report is based on a May 2018 visit to Cox’s Bazar. Human Rights Watch found that the mega camp is severely overcrowded. The average usable space is 10.7 square meters per person, compared with the recommended international standard of 45 square meters per person.

  • China’s Crackdown on Tibetan Social Groups

    This report details efforts by the Chinese Communist Party at the local level to eliminate the remaining influence of lamas and traditional leaders within Tibetan communities.

  • Anti-LGBT Discrimination in US Health Care

    This report documents some of the obstacles that LGBT people face when seeking mental and physical healthcare services. Many LGBT people are unable to find services in their area, encounter discrimination or refusals of service in healthcare settings, or delay or forego care because of concerns of mistreatment.

  • The Failing Response to Pesticide Drift in Brazil’s Rural Communities

    This report documents cases of acute poisoning from pesticide drift in seven sites, located across Brazil, including farming communities, indigenous communities, quilombo (Afro-Brazilian) communities, and rural schools.

  • Abuses by Government and Separatist Groups in Cameroon’s Anglophone Regions

    Based on research in the region, satellite imagery analysis and video analysis, this report found that both government forces and armed separatists have abused civilians in the western part of the country, displacing over 180,000 people since December 2017.

  • Denial of Education to Child Asylum Seekers on the Greek Islands

    This report found that fewer than 15 percent of more than 3,000 school-age asylum-seeking children on the islands were enrolled in public school at the end of the 2017-2018 school year, and that in government-run camps on the islands, only about 100 children, all preschoolers, had access to formal education.

  • Impact of Land Confiscation on Farmers in Myanmar

    This report documents the devastating effects of land confiscations for farmers in southern Shan State and the Ayeyarwady and Yangon regions of Myanmar. Farmers describe their loss of livelihoods, access to health care, and children’s education, and their efforts to obtain redress, which frequently ends in arrest.