How Probation and Parole Feed Mass Incarceration in the United States

The 225-page report, “Revoked: How Probation and Parole Feed Mass Incarceration in the United States,” finds that supervision – probation and parole – drives high numbers of people, disproportionately those who are Black and brown, right back to jail or prison, while in large part failing to help them get needed services and resources. In states examined in the report, people are often incarcerated for violating the rules of their supervision or for low-level crimes, and receive disproportionate punishment following proceedings that fail to adequately protect their fair trial rights.


Browse by

Filter by

  • Weak State Response to Domestic Violence in Russia

    This report details the barriers survivors face in reporting abuse and getting help. They include social stigma, lack of awareness, and lack of trust in police.

  • Russia’s Assault on Freedom of Expression

    This report documents Russian authorities’ stepped-up measures aimed at bringing the internet under greater state control.

  • Exploitation of Construction Workers on World Cup Sites in Russia

    This report documents how workers on six World Cup stadium construction sites faced unpaid wages either in full or part, several months’ delays in payment of wages, work in temperatures as cold as -25 degrees Celsius without sufficient protections, and employers’ failure to provide work contracts required for legal emplo

  • Anti-Gay Purge by Local Authorities in Russia’s Chechen Republic

    This report is based on first-hand interviews with victims of the campaign against gay men that Chechnya’s law enforcement and security officials conducted in spring, 2017.

  • Vicious Crackdown on Critics in Russia’s Chechen Republic

    This report describes how local authorities punish and humiliate people who show dissatisfaction with or seem reluctant to applaud the Chechen leadership and its policies. The report also details increasing threats, assaults, and detention of journalists and human rights defenders.

  • Obstacles to Education for People with Disabilities in Russia

    <p>The 45-page report found many barriers that can prevent children with disabilities from studying in mainstream schools.

  • Russia’s Abusive Response to the Dagestan Insurgency

    This 97-page report and an accompanying video document human rights violations in counterinsurgency efforts as well as crimes by insurgents in Dagestan from 2012 through 2014.

  • Violence and Harassment against LGBT People and Activists in Russia

    This 85-page report is based on dozens of detailed interviews with LGBT people and activists in 16 cities across Russia who experienced attacks or aggressive harassment because of their sexual orientation or gender identity.
  • Violence, Neglect, and Isolation for Children with Disabilities in Russian Orphanages

    This 93-page report found that many children and young people with disabilities who have lived in state orphanages suffered serious abuse and neglect on the part of institution staff that impedes their development.

  • Lack of Accessibility for People with Disabilities in Russia

    This 118-page report is based on 123 interviews with people with disabilities and their families in 6 cities across Russia. It documents the everyday hurdles people with disabilities meet when going to government offices, shops, healthcare centers, and places of employment, and accessing public transportation.

  • Crackdown on Russia’s Civil Society after Putin’s Return to the Presidency

    This 78-page report describes some of the changes since Putin returned to the presidency in May 2012.

  • Exploitation of Migrant Workers Ahead of Russia’s 2014 Winter Olympic Games in Sochi

    This 67-page report documents exploitation of migrant workers on key Olympic sites, including the Central Olympic Stadium, the Main Olympic Village, and the Main Media Center.

  • Enforcement of an Islamic Dress Code for Women in Chechnya

    This report documents acts of violence, harassment, and threats against women in Chechnya to intimidate them into wearing a headscarf or dressing more “modestly,” in long skirts and sleeves to cover their limbs.