How Probation and Parole Feed Mass Incarceration in the United States

The 225-page report, “Revoked: How Probation and Parole Feed Mass Incarceration in the United States,” finds that supervision – probation and parole – drives high numbers of people, disproportionately those who are Black and brown, right back to jail or prison, while in large part failing to help them get needed services and resources. In states examined in the report, people are often incarcerated for violating the rules of their supervision or for low-level crimes, and receive disproportionate punishment following proceedings that fail to adequately protect their fair trial rights.


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  • State Response to Domestic Violence in Kyrgyzstan

    This 98-page report documents obstacles to accessing help or justice in cases of severe domestic abuse.

  • Police Violence Against Gay and Bisexual Men in Kyrgyzstan

    This 65-page report found that gay and bisexual men have been subjected to a range of abuses at the hands of police in Kyrgyzstan, including physical, sexual, and psychological violence; arbitrary detention; and extortion under the threat of violence or of exposing victims’ sexual orientation to friends and family.
  • Kyrgyzstan’s Flawed Investigations and Trials on the 2010 Violence

    This report concludes that criminal investigations into the 2010 violence have been marred by widespread use of arbitrary arrests and ill-treatment, including torture.
  • Interethnic Violence in Southern Kyrgyzstan and its Aftermath

    This 91-page report states that some government forces acted, knowingly or unwittingly, to facilitate attacks on ethnic Uzbek neighborhoods in the violence in southern Kyrgyzstan in June 2010. Local law enforcement agencies also failed to provide appropriate protection to the Uzbek community.
  • Violence Against Lesbians, Bisexual Women, and Transgender Men in Kyrgyzstan

    Violence against women is a nationwide crisis in Kyrgyzstan. But women who are attracted to other women, or who violate rigid gender roles defining how a woman should look or behave, may be singled out for violent retaliation. Moreover, the government ignores their needs—and denies their very existence.

  • An essential opportunity for human rights

    In this 10-page briefing paper, Human Rights Watch articulates how the European Union should make respect for human rights an integral part of its new Central Asia strategy.
  • State Failure to Stop Domestic Abuse and Abduction of Women in Kyrgyzstan

    This 140-page report concludes that although Kyrgyzstan has progressive laws on violence against women, police and other authorities fail to implement them. As a result, women remain in danger and without access to justice.

  • Human Rights Watch Submission to the EBRD

    The Kyrgyz government’s human rights record has steadily deteriorated during the past several years. Human Rights Watch has documented serious rights violations, particularly in the areas of political participation, freedom of assembly, and freedom of expression.
  • Akaev won the presidency of independent Kyrgyzstan in 1991 and consolidated power through a presidential referendum in 1994. Akaev was re-elected to his second term of office in 1995. Despite a constitutional provision limiting the head of state to two terms in office, Akaev ran for president again in 2000.
  • For much of the 1990's Kyrgyzstan was described as an "island of democracy" in a region with corrupt and repressive political leaders.