How Probation and Parole Feed Mass Incarceration in the United States

The 225-page report, “Revoked: How Probation and Parole Feed Mass Incarceration in the United States,” finds that supervision – probation and parole – drives high numbers of people, disproportionately those who are Black and brown, right back to jail or prison, while in large part failing to help them get needed services and resources. In states examined in the report, people are often incarcerated for violating the rules of their supervision or for low-level crimes, and receive disproportionate punishment following proceedings that fail to adequately protect their fair trial rights.


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  • How Apparel Brand Purchasing Practices Drive Labor Abuses

    This report identifies key practices by clothing companies that fuel abusive cost-cutting methods by factories that harm workers.

  • Human Rights and Public Health Impacts of Indonesia’s Anti-LGBT Moral Panic

    This report documents how hateful rhetoric has translated into unlawful action by Indonesian authorities—sometimes in collaboration with militant Islamist groups—against people presumed to be LGBT.

  • Indonesia’s LGBT Community Under Threat

    This report documents how officials’ biased and untrue statements about lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people provided social sanction for harassment and violence against LGBT Indonesians, and even death threats by militant Islamists. State institutions, including the National Broadcasting Commission and

  • Hazardous Child Labor in Tobacco Farming in Indonesia

    This report documents how child tobacco workers are exposed to nicotine, handle toxic chemicals, use sharp tools, lift heavy loads, and work in extreme heat. The work could have lasting consequences for their health and development.

  • Abuses against People with Psychosocial Disabilities in Indonesia

    This report examines how people with mental health conditions often end up chained or locked up in overcrowded and unsanitary institutions – without their consent – due to stigma and the absence of adequate community-based support services or mental health care.

  • Indonesia’s Restrictions on Media Freedom and Rights Monitoring in Papua

    This report documents the government’s role in obstructing access to the provinces of Papua and West Papua (collectively referred to as “Papua”), including government backlash since Jokowi’s announcement.

  • Human Rights Impacts of Weak Governance in Indonesia’s Forestry Sector

    This 68-page report finds that illegal logging and forest-sector mismanagement resulted in losses to the Indonesian government of more than US$7 billion between 2007 and 2011.

  • Detention, Abuse, and Neglect of Migrant Children in Indonesia

    This 86-page report details Indonesia’s poor treatment of migrant and asylum-seeking children. They arrive in Indonesia after fleeing persecution, violence, and poverty in Somalia, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Burma, and elsewhere.
  • Abuses against Religious Minorities in Indonesia

    The 107-page report documents the government’s failure to confront militant groups whose thuggish harassment and assaults on houses of worship and members of religious minorities has become increasingly aggressive. Those targeted include Ahmadiyahs, Christians, and Shia Muslims.

  • Abuses in the Application of Sharia in Aceh, Indonesia

    This 89-page report documents the experiences of people accused of violating Sharia laws prohibiting "seclusion" and imposing public dress requirements on Muslims. The "seclusion" law makes association by unmarried individuals of the opposite sex a criminal offense in some circumstances.
  • Abuse of Migrant Domestic Workers through Kuwait’s Sponsorship System

    This 97-page report describes how workers become trapped in exploitative or abusive employment then face criminal penalties for leaving a job without the employer’s permission.

  • Indonesia’s Political Prisoners

    This 43-page report is based on more than 50 jailhouse interviews with political prisoners conducted between December 2008 and May 2010. It describes the arrest and prosecution of activists for peacefully raising banned symbols, such as the Papuan Morning Star and the South Moluccan RMS flags.
  • The Human Rights Consequences of Criminal Defamation Law in Indonesia

    This 91-page report documents recent cases in which criminal libel, slander, and "insult" laws have been used to silence public criticism.
  • Protection of Migrant Domestic Workers in Asia and the Middle East

    This 26-page report reviews conditions in eight countries with large numbers of migrant domestic workers: Lebanon, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Singapore, and Malaysia.

  • Failure to End Military Business Activity in Indonesia

    This 20-page report provides a detailed critique of a presidential decree and Defense Ministry regulations addressing military involvement in businesses that were issued in October 2009.