Reports

Country Positions on Banning Fully Autonomous Weapons and Retaining Human Control

The 55-page report, “Stopping Killer Robots: Country Positions on Banning Fully Autonomous Weapons and Retaining Human Control,” reviews the policies of the 97 countries that have publicly elaborated their views on killer robots since 2013. The vast majority regard human control and decision-making as critical to the acceptability and legality of weapons systems. Most of these countries have expressed their desire for a new treaty to retain human control over the use of force, including 30 that explicitly seek to ban fully autonomous weapons.

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  • How Apparel Brand Purchasing Practices Drive Labor Abuses

    This report identifies key practices by clothing companies that fuel abusive cost-cutting methods by factories that harm workers.

  • Bangladesh Election Crackdown on Political Opponents and Critics

  • The Plight of Rohingya Refugees from Myanmar

    This report is based on a May 2018 visit to Cox’s Bazar. Human Rights Watch found that the mega camp is severely overcrowded. The average usable space is 10.7 square meters per person, compared with the recommended international standard of 45 square meters per person.

  • Bangladesh Crackdown on Social Media Commentary

    This report details dozens of arbitrary arrests since the Information and Communication Technology Act 2006 was amended in 2013 to incorporate harsher penalties and allowing the police to make arrests without warrant.

  • Secret Detentions and Enforced Disappearances in Bangladesh

    This report found that at least 90 people were victims of enforced disappearance in 2016 alone. While most were produced in court after weeks or months of secret detention, Human Rights Watch documented 21 cases of detainees who were later killed, and nine others whose whereabouts remain unknown. 

  • Abuses in Bangladesh’s Legal Recognition of Hijras

    This report documents abuses suffered by a group of hijras, when they were forced to undergo so-called medical examinations at a hospital in Dhaka, the capital, in 2015, as part of a government employment program.

  • “Kneecapping” and Maiming of Detainees by Bangladesh Security Forces

    This report calls upon Bangladesh authorities to order prompt, impartial, and independent investigations into all alleged “kneecappings” and other deliberate infliction of serious injuries by members of the security forces.

  • The Failing Response to Arsenic in the Drinking Water of Bangladesh’s Rural Poor

    This report documents how Bangladesh’s health system largely ignores the impact of exposure to arsenic on people’s health. An estimated 43,000 people die each year from arsenic-related illness in Bangladesh, according to one study.

  • Child Marriage in Bangladesh

    This 134-page report is based on more than a hundred interviews conducted across the country, most of them with married girls, some as young as age 10.

  • Workers’ Rights in Bangladesh’s Garment Factories

    This 78-page report is based on interviews with more than 160 workers from 44 factories, most of them making garments for retail companies in North America, Europe, and Australia.

  • Opposition Violence and Government Abuses in the 2014 Pre- and Post- Election Period in Bangladesh

    This 64-page report details violent protests by opposition activists who called for an election boycott. On numerous occasions, opposition party members and activists threw petrol bombs at trucks, buses, and motorized rickshaws. In some cases, opposition group members forced children to carry out the attacks.
  • The Use of Excessive Force During Bangladesh Protests

    The 48-page report is based on 95 interviews with victims and their family members, witnesses, human rights defenders, journalists, and lawyers.
  • The Health Repercussions of Bangladesh’s Hazaribagh Leather

    This report documents an occupational health and safety crisis among tannery workers, both men and women, including skin diseases and respiratory illnesses caused by exposure to tanning chemicals, and limb amputations caused by accidents in dangerous tannery machinery.

  • Harm to Women from Bangladesh’s Discriminatory Laws on Marriage, Separation, and Divorce

    This 109-page report documents how the country’s discriminatory and archaic personal laws impoverish many women at separation or divorce, and trap some women in violent marriages because they fear destitution. Current laws deprive women of an equal right to marital property.

  • Sectarian Violence and Ensuing Abuses in Burma’s Arakan State

    This report describes how the Burmese authorities failed to take adequate measures to stem rising tensions and the outbreak of sectarian violence in Arakan State.