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  • "The Dawn of a New Dark Age"

    Human Rights Abuses Rampant as Nigerian Military Declares Absolute Power

    The military government of Gen. Abacha, in a bid to destroy the pro-democracy movement after using abusive and illegal means to break an oil workers’ strike for democracy, is steadily bringing the country closer to chaos and collapse.

  • Tightening Up in Indonesia Before the APEC Summit

    Weeks before the opening of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation summit in Jakarta on November 15,1994, the Indonesian government tightened controls on nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and the press and took harsh anti-crime measures involving what appeared to be extrajudicial executions of suspected criminals.

  • Human Rights in Yemen During and After the 1994 War

    During 70 days of conventional warfare between government forces and the separatist southern army, the government army won a military victory over the rebels. This report highlights our concerns regarding both sides as they resorted to unlawful tactics during the conflict.

  • Political Prisoners in Tajikistan

    In this report, we called upon the government of Tajikistan to release all individuals imprisoned or detained for the peaceful expression of political views, and to provide new and fair trials to those convicted of a crime in the absence of internationally guaranteed rights to due process.

  • Human Rights in Tajikistan

    On the Eve of Presidential Elections

    In its 19th session, held on July 20-21, 1994, the Supreme Soviet of the Republic of Tajikistan voted to hold presidential elections and a constitutional referendum on September 25, 1994. We support the transition to a democratic government in Tajikistan, but believed at the time that conditions in Tajikistan did not permit free and democratic elections

  • Forced Displacement of Ethnic Kurds from Southeastern Turkey

    August 1994 marked the tenth anniversary of the bloody conflict in largely Kurdish southeast Turkey between the Turkish government and the separatist Kurdistan Worker’s Party guerrilla movement. What began in 1984 with isolated PKK attacks in rural southeastern Turkey has grown into a conflict that has consumed an estimated 13,000 lives, with over half the losses coming in the past year or so.

  • Sarajevo

    Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia-Hercegovina, has become a stark symbol of both the strengths and the depravities of human nature. The dignity and resourcefulness of Sarajevans who have survived a siege of more than 900 days stands in bold contrast to the atrocities that have been committed in the savage war against civilians that continues, unending, in Bosnia-Hercegovina.

  • Jamaica: Children Improperly Detained in Police Lookups

    Every day in Jamaica, children as young as ten years of age are locked in dark, overcrowded, filthy cells which they share with rodents and insects. Sometimes they are held with adults charged with serious crimes. While in the cells, the children are subjected to physical and mental abuse from police and other inmates and are often denied appropriate medical care if they are injured or ill.

  • Arms and Abuses in Indian Punjab and Kashmir

    The massive proliferation of small arms and light weapons in South Asia is directly linked to the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979, and the subsequent creation by the United States of a system, commonly known as the Afghan pipeline, to funnel weapons covertly to the Afghan resistance.

  • The Limits of Openness

    Human Rights in Indonesia and East Timor

    For the last few years, the watchword of the Indonesian government has been “openness.” It was both a policy — the Indonesian equivalent of letting a hundred flowers bloom — and a prescription, from President Soeharto himself, for a dynamic, developing society.