On April 2, 9, and 16, 2011, Nigerians will head to the polls for the nation's legislative, presidential, and gubernatorial elections. Those elected will be mandated to govern a country with profound human rights challenges: communal violence, abuses by government security forces, endemic corruption, violence in the Niger Delta, pervasive election-related abuses, and a culture of impunity for all manner of human rights violations. This briefing paper outlines the key issues that candidates should address as they campaign for office-and implement if they are elected.