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Two handwritten notes in French

During a November 2018 attack on a middle school in Toulfé village, in Burkina Faso’s Nord region, armed men arrived while students were in class, beat five school employees, and set a fire in an office. The men gave the victims a note “to transmit to the Burkinabè authorities,” a survivor said. The note reads, in French: “Ansaroul Islam forbids school in the province of Soum and the province of Loroum. After this warning, if we find a teacher teaching we will kill him. Democracy barred.”

(c) 2018 Private