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This report was written by Jennifer Bailey, research associate for Human Rights Watch. Research for the report was conducted between February 1997 and August 1998 by Jennifer Bailey, Allyson Collins, senior researcher, and Kokayi Issa, Leonard Sandler Fellow. Legal research and drafting of the legal section was done by Rosa Ehrenreich, consultant to Human Rights Watch.

The report was edited by Allyson Collins, Cynthia Brown, program director, and Dinah Pokempner, deputy general counsel of Human Rights Watch. Rachael Reilly, refugee director, reviewed refugee policy and legal sections. Sam David, program and advocacy associate, provided technical and research assistance, as did Amanda Maher, a former intern.

Human Rights Watch is especially thankful to Donald Kerwin, of the Catholic Legal Immigration Network in Washington D.C., for his thoughtful review of the report. We are also grateful to all of the immigrant advocates around the country who took time to share information with Human Rights Watch; to the jail officials who agreed to meet with us and allow us to tour their facilities; and to the INS officials who provided information regarding how the agency's arrangements with jails work. Finally, we are indebted to the hundreds of INS detainees who communicated with Human Rights Watch, sometimes at significant risk to themselves.

Human Rights Watch is deeply grateful to Jesuit Refugee Service/USA for its critical support of our work on human rights, refugee, and immigration issues. We would also like to thank the J.M. Kaplan Fund for sponsoring translation of excerpts from this report.

Human Rights Watch

Human Rights Watch is dedicated to protecting the human rights of people around the world.

We stand with victims and activists to bring offenders to justice, to prevent discrimination, to uphold political freedom and to protect people from inhumane conduct in wartime.

We investigate and expose human rights violations and hold abusers accountable.

We challenge governments and those holding power to end abusive practices and respect international human rights law.

We enlist the public and the international community to support the cause of human rights for all.

The staff includes Kenneth Roth, executive director; Michele Alexander, development director; Reed Brody, advocacy director; Carroll Bogert, communications director; Cynthia Brown, program director; Barbara Guglielmo, finance and administration director; Jeri Laber, special advisor; Lotte Leicht, Brussels office director; Patrick Minges, publications director; Susan Osnos, associate director; Jemera Rone, counsel; Wilder Tayler, general counsel; and Joanna Weschler, United Nations representative. Jonathan Fanton is the chair of the board. Robert L. Bernstein is the founding chair.

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