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This report was written by Miranda Sissons, researcher for the Middle East and North Africa division of Human Rights Watch. Miranda Sissons and Peter Bouckaert, Human Rights Watch senior researcher for emergencies, researched the report. The report was edited by Hanny Megally, executive director of the Human Rights Watch Middle East and North Africa division; Joe Stork, Washington director of the Middle East and North Africa division; and Human Rights Watch Program Director Malcolm Smart. Wilder Tayler, legal and policy director of Human Rights Watch, provided legal review. James Darrow, associate for the Middle East and North Africa division, provided mission support, additional research, and production assistance. Jonathan Horowitz, associate for the Program division; Patrick Minges, Human Rights Watch publications director; and Veronica Matushaj, Human Rights Watch photo editor, provided production assistance. Arianna Pelham and Leila Darabi undertook additional research.

The researchers wish to thank the many individuals and organizations who gave us invaluable assistance and advice. These include Addameer (West Bank), attorney Allegra Pacheco, Amnesty International, B'Tselem,
al-Haq, LAW, the Palestinian Prisoners' Club (Bethlehem), PCATI, PICCR, Solidarity International (Nablus), and the offices of the governorate and municipality of Tulkarem. We particularly wish to thank the fieldworkers of al-Haq and LAW. Fady, Zleikha, and Nidal provided essential translation and logistical support. Many other individuals cannot be named: we are grateful nonetheless.

Human Rights Watch
Middle East and North Africa division

Human Rights Watch is dedicated to protecting the human rights of people around the world.

We stand with victims and activists to bring offenders to justice, to prevent discrimination, to uphold political freedom and to protect people from inhumane conduct in wartime.

We investigate and expose human rights violations and hold abusers accountable.

We challenge governments and those holding power to end abusive practices and respect international human rights law.

We enlist the public and the international community to support the cause of human rights for all.

The staff includes Kenneth Roth, executive director; Michele Alexander, development director; Reed Brody, advocacy director, Carroll Bogert, communications director; John T. Green, operations director; Barbara Guglielmo, finance director; Lotte Leicht, Brussels office director; Michael McClintock, deputy program director; Patrick Minges, publications director; Maria Pignataro Nielsen, human resources director; Jemera Rone, counsel; Malcolm Smart, program director; Wilder Tayler, general counsel; and Joanna Weschler, United Nations representative. Jonathan Fanton is the chair of the board. Robert L. Bernstein is the founding chair.

Its Middle East and North Africa division was established in 1989 to monitor and promote the observance of internationally recognized human rights in the Middle East and North Africa. Hanny Megally is the
executive director; Joe Stork is the Washington office director; Hania Mufti is the London office director; Eric Goldstein is the research director; Virginia N. Sherry is associate director; Elahe Sharifpour-Hicks and Miranda Sissons are researchers. James Darrow and Dalia Haj-Omar are associates. Lisa Anderson and Gary Sick are co-chairs of the advisory committee and Bruce Rabb is the vice chair.

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