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Recommendations to the International Community, Particularly the Donors to OLS and the IGAD Partners Forum:

* require the government, without further ado, to live up to its promise on May 20, 1998, to U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan to permit a U.N. assessment team (and relief if needed) into the rebel-controlled areas of the Nuba Mountains;

* support the renewal of the mandate of the special rapporteur on human rights in Sudan at the U.N. Commission on Human Rights in 1999;

* fully support and fund the establishment by the U.N. of a contingent of full-time U.N. human rights officers with a mandate to operate throughout Sudan in government and rebel areas, and to promptly inform the world community of human rights abuses, particularly those that might lead to famine;

* support and fund the recommendations of the Joint Task Force;

* support and fund the dissemination of human rights and humanitarian law and monitoring by OLS (Southern Sector);

* refuse to finance, support, or supply spare parts or repair track for the Babanusa-Wau train, or use it to deliver relief on the grounds that the historical military use to which the track and trains have been put (raiding civilians) are human rights abuses which are root causes of the famine, and that such repairs are thus counterproductive to famine relief;

* closely monitor the relationship between repair of roads and track and the commission of human rights abuses, particularly raids and attacks on the civilian populations living in range of the roads or railway. Be prepared to switch to alternative means of delivery, even if more costly, if these modes of transportation are ultimately facilitating the commission of human rights abuses or the spread of famine;


* devise a planned response to government, rebel, or warlord forces= refusals of access to civilian populations in need and act promptly on that plan when access is denied, to protect civilians from further displacement and rights abuses;

* develop an international program to end slavery in Sudan;

* require all parties to the conflict to:

* cease all targeted and indiscriminate attacks on civilians and civilian objects, and without delay investigate those believed involved in such acts and promptly try them, subjecting the guilty to punishment;

* end looting and punish the looters and those who buy and sell looted goods;

* punish all those who engage in diversion or theft of food and nonfood relief items, and those who buy and sell such items;

* respect freedom of movement so that anyone may move to and from rural areas to cultivate;

* end arbitrary detentions of persons displaced by famine and war, and protect the safety of the displaced; and

* establish a program to put an end to the capture and exploitation of children and other civilians by army and muraheleen and militia forces, and an end to their confinement in slavery-like conditions; identify and release those held in captivity; enforce the criminal laws against kidnapping, child abuse, and forced labor; establish, in consultation with experienced international agencies, a central agency responsible for assisting family members to locate relatives missing in raids or war; ratify relevant international instruments, and cooperate with national, international, and U.N. agencies in the investigation of slavery.

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