"This is a good example of where early and skillful U.S. diplomatic intervention can make all the difference. The lives of tens of thousands of civilians are at stake."  More..

  • Diplomatic Steps US can Take

  • Sudan: Human Rights Watch World Report 2001

  • Human Rights Causes of the Famine in Sudan

  • Analysis of the Current Fighting and its Relation to Famine March 2001

    Recent experience in southern Sudan has demonstrated that the fighting now in progress will provoke a new humanitarian disaster, unless immediately checked.

    The Nuer are already conducting inter-Nuer warfare. In addition, the Nuer and the Dinka are currently poised to go to war against each other; the Dinka are the largest tribe in southern Sudan, and the Nuer, the second largest. They are neighbors and cousins, sharing many customs and beliefs. History has shown that peace in the south is impossible if these two tribes are fighting each other.  More..

  • U.S. Urged to Help Avert Famine in Sudan

    (New York, March 3, 2001) -- The factional fighting in southern Sudan could widen into a devastating famine unless the U.S. intervenes diplomatically with rebel forces and others, Human Rights Watch said today. More..
  • HRW Background Paper on Slavery and Slavery Redemption in the Sudan
    March 1999

    Human Rights Watch has long denounced the contemporary form of slavery practiced in Sudan in the context of the fifteen-year civil war. This practice is conducted almost entirely by government-backed and armed militia of the Baggara tribe in western Sudan, and it is directed mostly at the civilian Dinka population of the southern region of Bahr El Ghazal.
  • Human Rights Watch Urges Sudan Factory Inspection

    (New York, Sept. 16, 1998) — Human Rights Watch today urged the United States to support a United Nations chemical weapons inspection in Sudan.

  • Human Rights Causes of the Famine in Sudan- The Context

    Sudan, once promoted as the bridge between the Arab and African worlds, is distinguished by human rights abuses arising from the government's determination to create an Arab Islamic state. It discriminates against and marginalizes non-Arabs and non-Muslims, who make up 60 percent and 40 percent respectively of the 27 million population. Gross abuses of international humanitarian law in the fifteenth year of the civil war continue to be committed by all parties, including the rebel Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A).

  • HRW Calls for International Arms Embargo on All Sides in the Sudanese Civil War   Press Release, August 20, 1998

  • Global Trade, Local Impact: Arms Transfers to All Sides in the Civil War in Sudan   Report, August 20, 1998

  • "Crises in Sudan and Northern Uganda"

    Testimony of Jemera Rone, Human Rights Watch Before the House Subcommittee on International Operations and Human Rights and the Subcommittee on Africa, July 29, 1998:

    The wars in Sudan and Uganda overlap. Both states back and fund the other's rebels. It is fair to say that this region is convulsed in war and its spin-offs, including famine and disease. The most pressing human rights problems are the famine in Sudan, for which all Sudanese armed parties fighting in the south bear responsibility, and the abduction of Ugandan children by the Ugandan rebel group the Lordís Resistance Army (LRA), backed by Sudan government. The Uganda government backs the SPLM/A.

  • Sudan Famine Ceasefire Needs Human Rights Protections  (July 23, 1998)

    Gross human rights abuses in the fifteen-year war have caused and aggravated the famine in Bahr El Ghazal, the hardest-hit region in southern Sudan. The ceasefire should end abusive military strategies_such as targeting civilians and their cattle_that have stripped assets from the civilians, debilitated their survival coping mechanisms, and repeatedly displaced them.

  • Sudan: How Human Rights Abuses Caused the Disaster  Human Rights Watch background Paper On The 1998 Famine In Bahr El Ghazal, Sudan

    A ceasefire has been in effect since mid-July in Bahr El Ghazal for the explicit purpose of delivery of humanitarian relief to the 701,000 people there at risk of starvation. Bahr El Ghazal is the most affected region of Sudan, but it is not the only one. Western Upper Nile also in the south is affected by fighting among government-supported militias. In southern Sudan 2.4 million are at risk of starvation, and in all Sudan, 2.6 million Sudanese--approximately ten percent of Sudan's 27 million population--are at risk, according to the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP).

    History is repeating itself. Massive human rights abuses by muraheleen raiders in exactly the same locations were primary causes of the 1988 famine, in which an estimated 250,000 (mostly Dinka) perished. Efforts to stem the 1988 famine were not effective because the human rights abuses that caused that famine were not stopped.

  • Human Rights Watch Criticizes Sudan's Arrests Of Political Opponents

    (July 15, 1998) The timing of the arrests and statements by high government officials suggests that the bombings served as a pretext to stop opposition political parties from reopening inside Sudan, where they would challenge the de facto one-party state.