Hundreds of people have been brutally killed and more than 150,000 have fled their homes in remote parts of Katanga province in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Local residents of the area described to Human Rights Watch how they were trapped between the abuses of a local defense group called the Mai Mai on the one side and those of the Congolese army on the other.

Human Rights Watch documents the crimes committed by both sides and urges Congolese authorities to bring the perpetrators to justice.

FARDC Legal Submission (pdf) Mai Mai Legal Submission (pdf)


Soldiers and commanders of the Congolese army, the FARDC. The FARDC is accused of committing war crimes in Katanga. © 2006 Reuters Limited


Mai Mai leader Gédéon Kyungu Mutanga, commonly known as Gédéon, accused of war crimes in Katanga (far right). 
© 2006 UNICEF/B.Kimbaya