Background Briefing

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Recommendations

To the United Nations: 

To the U.N. Security Council

  • Call on the African Union to: protect civilians consistent with the proposal in the A.U. Peace and Security Council’s July 27, 2004 Communiqué; support the proposed increase in the numbers of ceasefire observers and forces to provide civilian protection; urge that such forces are deployed in small towns in rural areas and that they proactively patrol, investigate and document ceasefire violations, attacks on civilians, and protect civilians in these areas. 
  • Pressure the government of Sudan to ensure that no forced displacement, including forced returns or forced resettlement of displaced populations in violation of international humanitarian law occurs in Darfur.
  • Establish an independent international commission of inquiry into the abuses committed in Darfur by all parties to the conflict with the aim of investigating serious violations of international human rights and humanitarian law, including allegations of genocide, and making recommendations for accountability.
  • Require that sufficient numbers of human rights monitors are rapidly deployed to both rural areas and large towns in Darfur by the Office of the High Commissioner of Human Rights; that they monitor, investigate and publicly report on abuses against civilians by all sides, and that they regularly provide the Council with human rights information. 
  • Request a briefing from the U.N. Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights at the time of the presentation of the U.N. Secretary-General’s report on August 30.
  • Prepare contingency plans to adopt a stronger resolution and measures in the event that the U.N. Secretary-General’s report finds that the government of Sudan has not complied with its commitments.
  • Call on the government of Sudan to provide immediate, unfettered access to Darfur and other parts of Sudan to independent international human rights organizations.

To the Special Representative of the Secretary-General:

  • Ensure that the protection of civilians remains central to the U.N.’s efforts, including in the diplomatic, humanitarian, developmental and human rights sectors in Darfur.
  • Deploy U.N. personnel to monitor the trial procedures of alleged Janjaweed militia members and others accused of committing abuses in the Darfur conflict.

To the Office of the High Commissioner of Human Rights:

  • Pro-actively monitor, investigate and publicly report on allegations of abuses by all sides in the conflict.
  • Ensure that human rights monitors are deployed in adequate numbers, not just in Darfur’s capital cities but also in smaller towns in the rural areas. 

To the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees:

  • Increase the number of experienced UNHCR protection officers in Chad and work with the government of Chad to ensure that refugee camps maintain their civilian character.

To the African Union:

  • Consistent with the proposal in the African Union Peace and Security Council’s July 27, 2004 Communiqué, rapidly increase the numbers of ceasefire observers and forces to provide civilian protection and ensure that such forces are deployed in small towns in rural areas and that they proactively patrol, investigate and document ceasefire violations, attacks on civilians, and provide protection to civilians in these areas.
  • Promptly, publicly report on ceasefire violations, including attacks on civilians.

To the government of Sudan:

  • Issue clear public orders to government forces and government-sponsored and -supplied paramilitary and militia forces including Popular Defense Forces, “fursan,” “knights” or “mujahedeen” internationally known as the Janjaweed, to immediately cease attacks on civilians and civilian property in Darfur.
  • Immediately and fully implement the commitments made in the Joint Communiqué signed July 3, 2004 and the provisions of UNSC resolution 1556 of July 30, 2004.
  • Suspend Sudanese government and military officials alleged to be involved in the planning, recruitment and command of Janjaweed militia forces from official duties pending investigation of their role in the commission of crimes against humanity, war crimes, and other violations of international humanitarian law in Darfur in 2003-2004.
  • Cease any forced return or resettlement of displaced civilians and ensure that civilians only return voluntarily to their places of origin in safety and dignity.
  • Facilitate the full, safe, and unimpeded access of humanitarian personnel and the urgent delivery of humanitarian assistance to all populations in need in Darfur.
  • Desist from absorbing Janjaweed militia members into the Popular Defense Forces or any other paramilitary or security forces until individuals have been registered and screened for alleged responsibility for abuses against civilians. 
  • Provide fair compensation and reparations to all victims of the conflict for lost grain, livestock and other assets.

To the Sudanese Liberation Army/Movement (SLA/M) and the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM):

  • Facilitate the full, safe and unimpeded access of humanitarian personnel and the urgent delivery of humanitarian assistance to all populations in need in rebel-controlled areas of Darfur.

To the government of Chad:

  • Desist from arming civilian militias along the Sudanese border.
  • Work with the UNHCR to ensure that refugee camps in Chad maintain their civilian character; and that refugees are protected from armed incursions and other violence.

To the European Union:

  • Consistent with the proposal in the A.U. Peace and Security Council’s July 27, 2004 Communiqué, support the proposed increase in the numbers of ceasefire observers and forces to provide civilian protection through logistical and financial support and expertise; urge that such forces are deployed in small towns in rural areas and that they proactively patrol, investigate and document ceasefire violations including attacks on civilians, and provide protection to civilians in these areas. 

  • Increase pressure on the Government of Sudan for immediate implementation of the Joint Communiqué and the provisions of the UNSC resolution 1556.

  • Consistent with the General Affairs Councilís conclusion of July 26 on the need for the establishment of an international independent commission of inquiry into the abuses committed in Darfur, E.U. Foreign Ministers should decide on concrete E.U. action to ensure its ultimate establishment by a Security Council resolution or directly by the UN Secretary General, during the upcoming 'Gymnich meeting' September 3-4.
  • Consistent with the General Affairs Council conclusions of July 26, make public the names on the E.U. list of Janjaweed militia leaders and individuals guiding and supporting them alleged to be responsible for abuses, demand their arrest and suspension from office pending good faith investigations and prosecutions consistent with international standards.

  • Impose E.U. measures, such as travel sanctions and freezing of assets against those on the E.U. list for whom there is evidence of implication in the policy of militia support.
  • Ensure strict implementation of the existing E.U. arms embargo on Sudan.

To the Arab League:

  • Support efforts of the African Union and United Nations to increase the international monitoring and protection presence in Darfur.
  • Make public the report of the Arab League fact-finding mission to Darfur in April-May 2004.


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