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  • The Limits of Openness

    Human Rights in Indonesia and East Timor

    For the last few years, the watchword of the Indonesian government has been “openness.” It was both a policy — the Indonesian equivalent of letting a hundred flowers bloom — and a prescription, from President Soeharto himself, for a dynamic, developing society.

  • Second Class Citizens

    Discrimination Against Women Under Botswana’s Citizenship Act

    Recent events indicate that the government of Botswana is continuing to enforce provisions of the Botswana Citizenship Act that discriminate on the basis of sex, in defiance of a 1992 Botswana Court of Appeal decision holding those provisions unconstitutional and contrary to international human rights standards.

  • Easy Prey

    Child Soldiers in Liberia

    Children who have been used as soldiers are among the most tragic victims of the war in Liberia.

  • Mexico at the Crossroads

    Political Rights and the 1994 Presidential and Congressional Elections

    Demands for an overhaul of the Mexican political system acquired renewed political force following an armed uprising by Indian peasants in the southern state of Chiapas on January 1, 1994. The fairness of these elections was a litmus test of the government’s willingness to achieve a genuinely representative democracy and give ordinary Mexicans the right to hold their representatives accountable.

  • Continuing Repression in Kashmir

    Abuses Rise as International Pressure on India Eases

    As the conflict in Kashmir continues into its fifth year, the government of India appears to have stepped up its catch-and-kill campaign against Muslim insurgents, resulting in an escalation of human rights abuses since early 1994. Civilians continue to bear the brunt of the casualties, falling victim both to government forces and to the various factions, collectively known as “militants.”

  • Torture and Gross Violations of Due Process in Georgia

    An Analysis of Criminal Case No. 7493810

    Between May and October 1992, nineteen men were arrested in Georgia on a variety of criminal charges; by September, their cases were united into one - Case No. 7493810 - along with the case against former President of Georgia Zviad Gamsakhurdia for abuse of power and related political crimes.

  • Fugitives From Injustice

    The Crisis of Internal Displacement in Haiti

    Like their enslaved ancestors more than two centuries ago, tens, if not hundreds, of thousands of Haitians are on the run, fleeing the murderous military regime that sent their elected president into exile after the September 30, 1991 coup d'etat.

  • The Facts Speak for Themselves

    The Preliminary Report on Disappearances of the National Commissioner for the Protection of Human Rights in Honduras

    Battalion 3-16, a clandestine military death squad originally trained and equipped by the CIA, is synonymous with torture, murder and disappearance in Honduras. The nightmare began in August 1980, when twenty-five Honduran army officers were flown to a desert air strip in the southwestern U.S. to spend six months learning interrogation techniques.

  • Multipartyism Betrayed in Kenya

    Continuing Rural Violence and Restrictions on Freedom of Speech and Assembly

    After winning the first multiparty election since 1963 in December of 1993, the government of Daniel arap Moi has increased its harassment of the political opposition, bringing spurious criminal charges against opposition politicians, forcing unwarranted restrictions on their freedom of association, and arresting them without charge.

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