Content in Other Languages

  • The Ingush-Ossetian Conflict in the Prigorodnyi Regions

    On October 31, 1992, fighting erupted between Ingush militias and North Ossetian security forces and paramilitaries supported by the Russian Interior Ministry and Army troops in the Prigorodnyi region of North Ossetia, a republic located in the North Caucasus of the Russian Federation.

  • Violations of the Right of Petition to the European Commission of Human Rights

    In 1954 Turkey signed the 1953 European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. Since that time, Turkish citizens who believe that the state has violated their rights guaranteed under the Convention and who have not been able to find domestic legal redress can bring suit against their own government under Article 25.

  • Syria's Tadmor Prison

    Dissent Still Hostage to a Legacy of Terror

    In December 1995, some 1,200 political prisoners in Syria were released pursuant to an amnesty marking the 25th anniversary of the rule of Pres. Asad. It was widely reported that most, if not all, of the released prisoners were members or supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood.

  • Power Versus Choice

    Human Rights and Parliamentary Elections in the Islamic Republic of Iran

    Iranians voted on March 8, 1996, to elect 270 members of the parliament, or Majles, in an election process that severely limited citizen participation. Parliamentary elections could represent a real contest for power in Iran’s political system—but only if arbitrary bans on candidates and other constraints on political life are lifted.

  • Human Rights in Post-Communist Albania

    For decades Albania was eastern Europe's most closed and repressive state. During his 40-year reign, former communist leader Enver Hoxha banned religion, forbade travel and outlawed private property. Any resistance to his rule was met with brutal retribution, including internal exile, long-term imprisonment or execution.

  • Human Rights in Bosnia-Hercegovina Post Dayton

    Challenges for the Field

    The Dayton accord offered the promise of a lasting peace because it incorporated both military enforcement and strong mechanisms to protect human rights and ensure accountability for past abuses, including the High Representative, the International Police Task Force, the OSCE's human rights and election monitoring mission, and the Office of the Ombudsperson.

  • Chinese Orphanages

    A Follow Up

    The publication of Death By Default on January 7, 1996 was followed by several weeks of intense coverage of the report by the international news media.

  • Torture and Other Abuses During the 1995 Crackdown on Alleged Zapatistas

    In February 1995, Pres. Zedillo ordered a crackdown on the Zapatista National Liberation Army (EZLN). As the Mexican army fought to regain territory in which the Zapatistas had operated since January 1994, federal and state police worked in tandem to arrest men and women accused of leading or supporting the Zapatistas.

  • Between War & Peace:

    Arms Trade and Human Rights Abuses since the Lusaka Protocol

    In updating our 1994 report, Arms Trade & Violations of the Laws of War in Angola, we found that despite the signing of the Lusaka Protocol between the Angolan government and UNITA that led to a cease-fire, sporadic fighting continued in 1995.