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  • Human Rights in Tajikistan

    In the Wake of Civil War

    During a six-month period in 1992, Tajikistan’s civil war claimed as many as 20,000 lives and displaced over 400,000 people.

  • A Modern Form of Slavery

    Trafficking of Burmese Women and Girls into Brothels in Thailand

    Thousands of Burmese women and girls are trafficked into Thai brothels every year where they work under conditions tantamount to slavery. Subject to debt bondage, illegal confinement, various forms of sexual and physical abuse, and exposure to HIV in the brothels, they then face wrongful arrest as illegal immigrants if they try to escape or if the brothels are raided by Thai police.

  • Prison Conditions in Zaire

    Describing prison conditions under an acute crisis, this report covers not only decayed facilities, poor sanitation and overcrowding, but also prisons facing the economic and political disintegration of the state. Since 1990, a pattern of neglect and corruption has given way to complete abandonment.

  • Divide and Rule: State-Sponsored Ethnic Violence in Kenya

    President Daniel arap Moi of Kenya confidently predicted that the return of his country to a multiparty system would result in an outbreak of tribal violence that would destroy the nation. His prediction has been alarmingly fulfilled. One of the most disturbing developments in Kenya over the last two years has been the eruption of violent clashes between different ethnic groups.

  • Human Rights Abuses in North Sumatra

    The province of North Sumatra continues to be plagued by human rights abuses committed by security forces. Two cases are highlighted in this report: the ongoing military interference in a leadership dispute within a Protestant church group, and the treatment of villagers in a land dispute in Sei Lapan, an area about eighty miles north of Medan, the provincial capital.

  • Forced Labor in Brazil Re-Visited

    On-Site Investigations Document that Practice Continues

    What has been documented in our previous reports remains true today: in the inaccessible forests of the central and western states of Brazil, large estate owners use forced labor to cut and burn enormous tracts of land for the purpose of turning the forest into cattle pasture.

  • Human Rights in the APEC Region

    While human rights violations continued throughout the APEC region, the major story during the year and described in this report was not so much the nature of the abuses, but the debate over how to address them. Two factors had a major impact on this debate: the increased visibility of Asian nongovernmental organizations and the growing economic power of East Asia.

  • Threats to Press Freedom

    A Report Prepared for the Free Media Seminar Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe

    The Free Media Seminar of the Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe is taking place at a critical time. First, because developments throughout the region suggest that protection for media freedoms fall well short of international standards.

  • Human Rights Abuses Mount in 1993

    U.S. Policymakers Should Hold President Mubarak Accountable

    President Hosni Mubarak of Egypt is scheduled to meet with members of Congress and the Administration, including President Bill Clinton, in Washington, D.C. This will be the Egyptian leader's second visit since April.