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  • Unsettled Business

    Human Rights in Chile at the Start of the Frei Presidency

    Under former President Aylwin's four-year “transitional” administration, Chile took notable steps toward consolidating democracy, reestablishing civil and individual rights, and healing the wounds caused by decades of political strife and gross human rights violations under military rule.

  • Mauritania's Campaign of Terror

    State-Sponsored Repression of Black Africans

    Since 1989, tens of thousands of black Mauritanians have been forcibly expelled and hundreds more have been tortured or killed. An undeclared military occupation of the Senegal River Valley — where many of the blacks live — subjects those who remain to harsh repression.

  • War Crimes in Bosnia-Hercegovina: Bosanski Samac

    Six War Criminals Named by Victims of "Ethnic Cleansing"

    In detailing gross violations of human rights and humanitarian law in Bosanski Samac, this report identifies six war criminals — known as Stevo Todorovic, Slavko and Makso, Goran, Lugar, and Cika Tralija — and calls for immediate action by the international tribunal on war crimes in the former Yugoslavia.

  • Denying Ethnic Identity

    The Macedonians of Greece

    The Greek government views the term "Macedonian" as a geographic term that describes all Greek citizens living in the Macedonian region in northern Greece.

  • Terror Prevails in Haiti

    Human Rights Violations and Failed Diplomacy

    President Clinton's policy of disregarding fundamental human rights issues to resolve Haiti's political crisis, combined with his inhumane and illegal practice of summarily returning Haitian refugees, has contributed to a human rights disaster that has tarnished his presidency and discredited its stated commitment to democracy and human rights around the world.

  • Landmines in Mozambique

    In spite of the peace accord signed in October 1992 between government forces and RENAMO rebels, innocent civilians are maimed and killed by landmines in Mozambique on a daily basis.

  • The New Year’s Rebellion

    Violations of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law during the Armed Revolt in Chiapas, Mexico

    This report examines the underlying causes of the New Year’s Rebellion, the Mexican government’s two-phase response, and the most serious human rights and humanitarian law violations that occurred to date during the conflict.

  • Open Wounds: Human Rights Abuses In Kosovo

    Kosovo is a police state. Police raids on homes and marketplaces occur daily and Serbian authorities have stepped up a drive to push Albanians out of Serbian-populated areas. Heavily armed Serbian police, paramilitary troops and regular army forces spread their terror.

  • Continued Abuses By All Sides In Northern Ireland

    While paramilitary groups carry out punishment shootings and beatings, the government is responsible for the failure to ensure that police officers and soldiers are held accountable for the use of lethal force, unfair trials, and ill-treatment in detention, among other violations.

  • Impunity for Human Rights Abuses in Two Homelands:

    Reports on KwaZulu and Bophuthatswana

    Researched and written prior to the 1994 elections in South Africa, this report describes how the former South African government failed to fulfill its obligations to protect its citizens from violence and guarantee the exercise of their political rights in two homelands.