The Myanmar military staged a coup on February 1, 2021, nullifying the results of the November 2020 elections and arbitrarily detaining hundreds of politicians, activists, and civil servants. Security forces used excessive and lethal force against mass protests around the country. Myanmar had long defied international calls to investigate military atrocities and hold those responsible to account, including for crimes against humanity and acts of genocide committed against the Rohingya, and war crimes and crimes against humanity against other ethnic minorities. Free speech and assembly, increasingly restricted over the past five years, face grave new threats under the military junta.

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