The government of President Alpha Condé has made some progress in addressing the serious governance and human rights problems that characterized Guinea for more than five decades. The judiciary made progress in the investigation into the 2009 stadium massacre of unarmed demonstrators by security forces, but largely failed to investigate other past episodes of state-sponsored violence. A national dialogue between the ruling and opposition parties helped reduce ethnic and communal tensions. However, continued abuses by and deficiencies within the security forces and judiciary, along with several risk factors—notably high unemployment, organized crime, and regional insecurity— highlighted the fragility of these gains.